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Reconstructing the Life of a Roman Soldier Buried in Resnik near Split, Based on the Anthropological Analysis of His Skeleton


Šlaus, Mario; Domić Kunić, Alka; Pivac, Tara; Adamić Hadžić, Anita
Reconstructing the Life of a Roman Soldier Buried in Resnik near Split, Based on the Anthropological Analysis of His Skeleton // Collegium antropologicum, 42 (2018), 4; 287-293 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, ostalo)


Naslov
Reconstructing the Life of a Roman Soldier Buried in Resnik near Split, Based on the Anthropological Analysis of His Skeleton
(Rekonstrukcija života rimskog vojnika pokopanog u Resniku kod Splita, na temelju antropološke analize njegovog kostura)

Autori
Šlaus, Mario ; Domić Kunić, Alka ; Pivac, Tara ; Adamić Hadžić, Anita

Izvornik
Collegium antropologicum (0350-6134) 42 (2018), 4; 287-293

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, ostalo

Ključne riječi
Paleopathology ; osteological markers of physical stress ; trauma analysis ; Roman soldier ; Croatia

Sažetak
Continuous heavy physical labor and the habitual performance of specific actions during everyday activities affects bone and modifies its morphology, particularly if these activities were time consuming and began at an early age. Analysis and interpretation of these changes provides a unique view into the quality of life, the quantity and type of labor, as well as the risks associated with specific occupations or activities. Here we present the results of an anthropological analysis of a skeleton excavated from the antique necropolis in Resnik. Recovered archaeological finds from the grave (a socketed spear head) suggest that the buried individual was in some was related to the Roman army, possibly as a legionary or as a beneficiary. Osteological data from the skeleton was compared to a theoretical and idealized representation of a perfect Roman soldier, as reported by Vegetius Renatus in his work Summary of military skill (Epitome rei militaris), in order to reconstruct the life of a real Roman legionary who served in the Roman province of Dalmatia at the end of the 2nd c. AD. The skeleton provides information on general living conditions in the 2nd c. AD, as well as on the specific risks associated with military life. General living conditions include parasitic infestations and subsequent anemia that resulted in numerous viral and bacterial infections, while specific risks related to military life include numerous osteological indicators of physical stress and heavy physical labor. The presences of two remodeled antemortem fractures show that the risk of traumatic injuries was high in Roman soldiers.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Arheologija, Etnologija i antropologija

Napomena
Rad je klasificiran kao Scientific report



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti

Časopis indeksira:


  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Anthropological Literature
  • EMBASE (Excerpta Medica)
  • IBSS - The International Bibliography of the Social Sciences
  • Social Services Abstracts
  • Sociological Abstracts