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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 998379

Mysterious atrial mass mimicking severe mitral stenosis

Grgić Romić, Ivana; Lulić, Davorka; Matana, Zrinka; Brusich, Sandro; Matana, Ante; Zaputović, Luka; Ružić, Alen; Zaninović Jurjević, Teodora
Mysterious atrial mass mimicking severe mitral stenosis // Cardiologia Croatica 2019 ; 14(3-4) / Ivanuša, Mario (ur.).
Zagreb: Hrvatsko kardiološko društvo, 2019. str. 58-59 doi:10.15836/ccar2019.58 (poster, domaća recenzija, prošireni sažetak, stručni)

Mysterious atrial mass mimicking severe mitral stenosis

Grgić Romić, Ivana ; Lulić, Davorka ; Matana, Zrinka ; Brusich, Sandro ; Matana, Ante ; Zaputović, Luka ; Ružić, Alen ; Zaninović Jurjević, Teodora

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, prošireni sažetak, stručni

Cardiologia Croatica 2019 ; 14(3-4) / Ivanuša, Mario - Zagreb : Hrvatsko kardiološko društvo, 2019, 58-59

10th Croatian Biennial Echocardiography Congress with International Participation

Mjesto i datum
Poreč, Hrvatska, 16-18.05.2019

Vrsta sudjelovanja

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Myxoma, heart neoplasms, mitral valve stenosis

Introduction: The differential diagnosis of an intracardiac mass include benign and malignant primary heart tumors, metastatic tumors and thrombi. Primary tumors of the heart consist mainly of myxomas, with an incidence of less than 0.5%. Clinical manifestations are consequence of embolic phenomena, intracardiac obstruction or constitutional symptoms. In rare instances, myxomas can cause a mass effect, resulting in mitral valve obstruction. Case report: 68-year-old male with a history of ulcerative colitis complained to his gastroenterologist about having exercise intolerance. Undergoing regular colitis evaluation, CT thorax and abdomen scan was performed incidentally revealing a large intracardiac mass. Echocardiogram ordered by the consulting cardiologist demonstrated a large ellipsoid left atrial cyst (50×31 mm), occupying nearly the entire left atrium (Figure 1). The mass was protruding across the mitral valve orifice in diastole causing functional stenosis with an elevated mean diastolic gradient of 10, 9 mmHg. Mitral valve area calculated by pressure half-time was 1.0 cm2. Doppler showed moderate tricuspid regurgitation with a systolic pulmonary artery pressure of 50 mmHg. The systolic function was preserved with an estimated left ventricular ejection fraction of 58%. Transesophageal echocardiography described a cavitating lesion (measuring 15, 1 cm2, attached to interatrial septum with 24 mm base), having characteristics consistent with a hemorrhagic cyst (Figure 2). Preoperative coronary angiography displayed coronary artery disease and a rare condition of dual coronary artery supply with left circumflex artery (LCx) providing two (Figure 3) and right coronary artery (RCA) one tumor branch (Figure 4) producing a characteric "tumor blush". CT showed large intracardiac mass (Figure 5 and Figure 6). Patient underwent cardiothoracic surgery with successful excision of the tumor (4, 5x3x2 cm), the pathohistology confirmed myxoma. Postoperative course was uneventful, exercise intolerance symptoms improved, and echocardiographic follow up showed no intracardiac mass. Conclusion: We described a rare case of cystic-appearance cardiac myxoma with dual coronary supply mimicking mitral valve stenosis. There are not many patients reported with left atrial myxoma being vascularized from both RCA and LCx as seen in our case. Although more than half of atrial myxomas show obstructive symptoms, severe mitral valve obstruction is rare1. Early echocardiographic examination of patients presenting with exertional dyspnea is advised, as myxomas have an excellent prognosis following surgical excision, preventing complications and improving quality of life.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti


Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka,
Klinički bolnički centar Rijeka

Časopis indeksira:

  • Scopus