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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 985000

Testosterone abuse as a source of preanalytical variation of parameters in 24-hour urine – a case report


Vuljanić, Dora; Radišić Biljak, Vanja; Galić, Edvard; Šimundić, Ana-Maria
Testosterone abuse as a source of preanalytical variation of parameters in 24-hour urine – a case report // 5th EFLM Conference on Preanalytical Phase, Preanalytical challenges – time for solutions
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 2019. str. 1-1 (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Testosterone abuse as a source of preanalytical variation of parameters in 24-hour urine – a case report

Autori
Vuljanić, Dora ; Radišić Biljak, Vanja ; Galić, Edvard ; Šimundić, Ana-Maria

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Skup
5th EFLM Conference on Preanalytical Phase, Preanalytical challenges – time for solutions

Mjesto i datum
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 22-23.3.2019

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Preanalytical phase, patient preparation, supplements, testosterone, kidney, urine

Sažetak
Background: Various drugs and dietary supplements may temporarily affect nephrons and change urine constitution. We present a case of an outpatient with pathological 24h urine findings incompatible with his clinical condition. Subsequent investigation revealed the reversible effect of testosterone abuse on parameters measured in 24h urine sample, in this patient. Materials and Methods: A 41-year- old recreational male athlete was admitted to outpatient cardiology department due to hypertension and dizziness. Patient reported that he gained 30kg in the past 5 months, regularly exercises and is on high- protein, low carbohydrate and low-fat diet. Intake of other supplements was unknown at the time of the first 24h urine collection. Routine biochemistry and quantitative urinalysis were performed on AU680 chemistry instrument (Beckman Coulter, USA). Results: Laboratory results indicated severe proteinuria (0, 5g), albuminuria (166mg) highly elevated urea (2093mmol), uric acid (20415µmol), creatinine (71, 6mmol) and electrolytes (sodium 409mmol, potassium 254mmol, chloride 479mmol, calcium 13mmol, phosphorus 139, 5mmol and magnesium 23, 4mmol) in 24h-urine sample. Patient also had extensive polyuria (5L/24h) and extremely high creatinine clearance (412ml/min/1, 73m2). Serum creatinine, urea, uric acid and electrolytes were within reference ranges. Findings in a repeated 24h- urine, 10 days after, were identical. Since 24h-urine findings were incompatible with patient clinical condition, possible sources of preanalytical errors were investigated. During thorough examination of personal patient history, patient has admitted the illegal use of testosterone, which explained his urine findings. Conclusions: This case illustrates secondary changes in kidney function as a consequence of testosterone abuse. Understanding the effects of supplement intake is important for proper interpretation of laboratory results.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Klinička bolnica "Sveti Duh"

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Ana-Maria Šimundić, (235703)