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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 981100

Fighting and dying at the edge of the empire: skeletal injuries caused by intentional violence from the 17th century CE mass burial in Osijek, eastern Croatia


Novak, Mario; Filipović, Slavica
Fighting and dying at the edge of the empire: skeletal injuries caused by intentional violence from the 17th century CE mass burial in Osijek, eastern Croatia // Scientific program and abstracts of the 45th Annual North American Meeting of the Paleopathology Association
Austin, SAD, 2018. str. 26-26 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Fighting and dying at the edge of the empire: skeletal injuries caused by intentional violence from the 17th century CE mass burial in Osijek, eastern Croatia

Autori
Novak, Mario ; Filipović, Slavica

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Scientific program and abstracts of the 45th Annual North American Meeting of the Paleopathology Association / - , 2018, 26-26

Skup
45th Annual North American Meeting of the Paleopathology Association

Mjesto i datum
Austin, SAD, 9.-11.4.2018.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Osijek ; Ottoman period ; paleopathology ; perimortem trauma

Sažetak
During rescue excavations, conducted in 2014 and 2015 at a construction site located within the campus of the Josip Juraj Strossmayer University in Osijek, a roughly circular archaeological feature about 2m deep, containing large amounts of pottery and animal bones as well as numerous human remains, was discovered. Based on the recovered artefacts and radiocarbon dates the use of this feature (most probably a dried-up well) can be placed in the Early Modern Period. The well contained the remains of at least 28 individuals: 23 adult males, two adult individuals of undetermined sex and three subadults (an older child and two adolescents). Beside the pathological changes frequently found in archaeological contexts such as dento-alveolar lesions, Schmorl’s nodes, and cribra orbitalia this assemblage contained a large number of skeletal injuries associated with intentional violence in adult males. These included ante- mortem injuries such as nasal fractures, but also a whole range of perimortem trauma caused by sharp-bladed weapons, most probably sabers and/or knives. The morphology and distribution of peri-mortem injuries in this case suggest a combination of a face-toface combat (e.g. cuts on the anterior part of the cranium and on forearm bones) and execution (decapitation). Based on the available historic sources, the comprehensive archaeological context as well as the bioarchaeological characteristics of the studied sample we propose that the remains found in the Early Modern period well from Osijek belong to members of the Ottoman armed forces who were killed and unceremoniously disposed of during the unsuccessful Turkish siege of Osijek in 1690.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arheologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za antropologiju

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Mario Novak, (266983)