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Paleoradiological analysis of a child mummy from Zagreb Cathedral


Čavka, Mislav; Tomorad, Mladen; Štimac, Ivana; Janković, Ivor; Novak, Mario; Ruhli, Frank; Eppenberger, Patrick
Paleoradiological analysis of a child mummy from Zagreb Cathedral // Book of Abstracts of the 22nd European Meeting of the Paleopathology Association / Novak, Mario ; Cvitkušić, Barbara ; Janković, Ivor ; Jarec, Morana ; Missoni, Saša (ur.).
Zagreb: Institut za antropologiju, 2018. str. 24-25 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Paleoradiological analysis of a child mummy from Zagreb Cathedral

Autori
Čavka, Mislav ; Tomorad, Mladen ; Štimac, Ivana ; Janković, Ivor ; Novak, Mario ; Ruhli, Frank ; Eppenberger, Patrick

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of Abstracts of the 22nd European Meeting of the Paleopathology Association / Novak, Mario ; Cvitkušić, Barbara ; Janković, Ivor ; Jarec, Morana ; Missoni, Saša - Zagreb : Institut za antropologiju, 2018, 24-25

ISBN
978-953-8092-11-4

Skup
22nd European Meeting of the Paleopathology Association

Mjesto i datum
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 28.8.-1.9.2018.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Paleoradiology ; mummy ; child ; Zagreb ; cathedral
(Paleoradiologija ; mumija ; dijete ; ZAgreb ; katedrala)

Sažetak
Although the scientific investigation of mummies is an established field of research, paleoradiology is still rarely used for the analysis of mummified Christian relics for various reasons. In this study we present the results of the radiographic analysis of a child-mummy housed in the Cathedral of Zagreb, which is revered as an innocent child from the biblical massacre of Herod. According to the legend, the child-mummy of a boy was brought to Zagreb by the Croatian-Hungarian king Andrew II after his campaign in the Holy Land during the 5th crusade, after 1218, but it is only mentioned in records from the end of 14th century onwards. The mummy was scanned at the University Hospital “Dubrava”, Zagreb, Croatia. Digital planar radiographs of the body (in two parts) were done in two projections (RadSpeed Saphire, Shimadzu Europa GmbH, Duisburg, Germany). CT slices were obtained using 64x0.6 collimation with “dual energy” scanning parameters ; 80 kV and 140 kV respectively (Somatom AS+, Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen, Germany). Three-dimensional (3D), spoiled gradient echo based UTE images were acquired on a 1.5-T scanner (Magnetom Avanto, Siemens Healthcare, Erlangen, Germany) employing manufacturer’s head and spine array coils Contrast-determining parameters echo time, repetition time and flip angle of 0.07 ms, 15 ms and 60° were chosen, respectively. 60000 radial projections were used to reconstruct 256 slices of 1.3x1.3x1.3 mm3 isotropic resolution. Findings indicate artificial mummification including evisceration. A large defect of the abdominal wall including the genital region does not allow sex determination. Skeletal maturity (assuming a boy), based on the Tanner- Whitehouse method, indicates 5 years (+- 0.8 years). Complete deciduous dentition with completed roots can be observed (some teeth probably lost post mortem), which indicates a minimal age of 3 years The crowns of the following permanent teeth are already mineralized indicating 5-6 years of age. Occipito-atlantal dislocation with fractures of the 1st and 2nd cervical vertebrae without any signs of major cervical dislocation were interpreted as postmortem alterations.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Arheologija, Etnologija i antropologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za antropologiju,
Klinički bolnički centar Zagreb