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Innovative approach in Legionella water treatment with photodynamic cationic amphiphilic porphyrin


Lesar, Andrija; Begić, Gabrijela; Malatesti, Nela; Gobin, Ivana
Innovative approach in Legionella water treatment with photodynamic cationic amphiphilic porphyrin // Water Science and Technology-Water Supply (2019) doi:10.2166/ws.2019.012 (znanstveni, prihvaćen)


Naslov
Innovative approach in Legionella water treatment with photodynamic cationic amphiphilic porphyrin

Autori
Lesar, Andrija ; Begić, Gabrijela ; Malatesti, Nela ; Gobin, Ivana

Vrsta, podvrsta
Radovi u časopisima, znanstveni

Izvornik
Water Science and Technology-Water Supply (2019)

Status rada
Prihvaćen

Ključne riječi
Opportunistic premise plumbing pathogen (OPPP) ; water disinfection ; Legionella ; antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation

Sažetak
Legionella is an opportunistic premise plumbing pathogen that can be present in the municipal and other water supplies. The building water systems in a building may provide conditions (such as low flow, water hardness, low disinfectant residual levels and optimal temperature) that promote Legionella growth to levels that may result in an increased risk to public health. The standard disinfection of water systems (periodic overheating of water and chlorination) toward prevention of Legionnaires' disease has often proved to be inefficient. It is therefore necessary to develop new approaches for removing Legionella from the water systems. One of the new methods is antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) that includes combined activity of a photosensitizer (PS), molecular oxygen and visible light of appropriate wavelength to create singlet oxygen (1O2) and other oxygen reactive species (ROS) leading to the oxidation of numerous cellular components and cell death. In this study, a newly synthesized cationic, amphiphilic porphyrin TMPyP3-C17H35, was tested against Legionella in tap water. The minimal effective concentration (MEC) of PS photoinactivation test and PS uptake assay in sterile tap water were explored to determine the anti-Legionella activity. The complete inactivation of Legionella in sterile tap water was achieved with 0.024 μM of the PS. Also, tested PS was found to be very effective in reducing Legionella growth in the sterile tap water and photoinactivation was dose dependent. The tested PS binds well to the bacterial cell, already after only 10 minutes of incubation in the dark. In conclusion, these studies indicate that TMPyP3-C17H35 is highly efficient in aPDT that which results in reducing Legionella growth in the sterile tap water, and these results suggest that cationic amphiphilic photosensitizers may have a broader application in the photoinactivation of bacterial cells implicated in water disinfection.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita, Biotehnologija u biomedicini (prirodno područje, biomedicina i zdravstvo, biotehničko područje)



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka,
Sveučilište u Rijeci

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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