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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 974533

Improved interpretation of thermal stability models of nitroaromatics by an efficient selection of descriptors and by the use of chemical shifts as decriptors


Lučić, Bono; Bešlo, Drago; Amić, Ana; Batista, Jadranko; Vikić-Topić, Dražen; Trinajstić, Nenad
Improved interpretation of thermal stability models of nitroaromatics by an efficient selection of descriptors and by the use of chemical shifts as decriptors // Book of abstract, Math/Chem/Comp 2018 / Vančik, Hrvoje ; Cioslowski, Jerzy (ur.). (ur.).
Zagreb, 2018. str. 10-10 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, ostalo)


Naslov
Improved interpretation of thermal stability models of nitroaromatics by an efficient selection of descriptors and by the use of chemical shifts as decriptors

Autori
Lučić, Bono ; Bešlo, Drago ; Amić, Ana ; Batista, Jadranko ; Vikić-Topić, Dražen ; Trinajstić, Nenad

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, ostalo

Izvornik
Book of abstract, Math/Chem/Comp 2018 / Vančik, Hrvoje ; Cioslowski, Jerzy (ur.). - Zagreb, 2018, 10-10

Skup
30th MC2 Conference

Mjesto i datum
Dubrovnik ; Hrvatska, 18-23.06. 2018

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Nitro aromatic compound ; molecular descriptors ; MOPAC ; 3D structure
(Nitro aromatic compound ; molecular descriptors ; MOPAC ; 3 D structure)

Sažetak
Nitroaromatic compounds, like nitrobenzene derivatives can be considered as the typical energetic molecules. Some of them are commonly used as explosives like TNB (1, 3, 5- Trinitrobenzene) or TNT (2, 4, 6- trinitrotoluene). For the suitability of an explosive substance in a specific use, better understanding of physico-chemical attributes of its structure which are related to compound’s stability is a very important task. Many structure-thermal stability models have been developed in the last ten years for this class of compounds. The largest are those published by Fayet et al. based (primarily) on the set of semi- empirical molecular descriptors calculated by the MOPAC program, and by Li et al. selected from the large pool of molecular descriptors calculated by the Dragon 5.5 program. To achieve better physico- chemical interpretation of models, in addition to descriptors calcualted and used in previous models we calculated and used additional descriptors like those given in the PubChem database, experimental or calculated 1H and 13C chemical shifts of nitroaromatics and the number of specific connectivity terms in molecular skeleton. Also, an improved selection of molecular descriptors was performed in attempt to develop simpler structure- property models (having a smaller number of descriptors). Performing descriptor selection, whenever it was possible and statistically reasonable, we considered the possibility of inclusion of simpler molecular descriptors into the final models instead of more complex descriptors or those that are computed from 3D structure. As an interesting results we found that the maximal 1H chemical shift of hydrogen's attached to aromatic ring is a significant descriptor, as well as the number of multiple bonds in a compound. Obtained results and models were compared with other models from literature showing that presented approach is a promising way of selecting statistically good structure-thermal stability models of nitro aromatics, which are more informative and easy to interpret.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Fakultet agrobiotehničkih znanosti Osijek,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb