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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 972732

An Analysis of Skin Prick Tests to Latex and Patch Tests to Rubber Additives and other Causative Factors among Dental Professionals and Students with Contact Dermatoses


Japundžić, Iva; Vodanović, Marin; Lugović-Mihić, Liborija
An Analysis of Skin Prick Tests to Latex and Patch Tests to Rubber Additives and other Causative Factors among Dental Professionals and Students with Contact Dermatoses // International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, 177 (2018), 3; 238-244 doi:10.1159/000490181 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
An Analysis of Skin Prick Tests to Latex and Patch Tests to Rubber Additives and other Causative Factors among Dental Professionals and Students with Contact Dermatoses

Autori
Japundžić, Iva ; Vodanović, Marin ; Lugović-Mihić, Liborija

Izvornik
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology (1018-2438) 177 (2018), 3; 238-244

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Allergy ; Contact dermatitis ; Dentists ; Latex gloves ; Students

Sažetak
BACKGROUND: Dental workers often experience unwanted allergic and nonallergic skin reactions resulting in different contact dermatoses (e.g., contact urticaria, irritant and allergic contact dermatitis) that are often attributed to rubber gloves. OBJECTIVE: To examine allergic and nonallergic contact dermatoses by different methods amongst dental professionals and dental students, more specifically, reactions to natural rubber latex (NRL), rubber additives, and other causative factors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study we surveyed a total of 444 subjects (dentists, assistants, technicians, and students) ; 200 agreed to be tested to latex by the standard skin prick test (SPT) and prick-by-prick test, of whom 107 were patch tested to rubber additives (mercapto mix, thiuram mix, carba mix, and N-isopropyl-N- phenyl-4- phenylenediamine [IPPD]). RESULTS: Skin lesions appeared significantly more frequently with longer work experience (p = 0.002 ; V = 0.181), frequent glove changes (p < 0.001 ; V = 0.310), and hand washing (p < 0.001 ; V = 0.263), and in subjects with a history of allergies (atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, and others) (p < 0.001 ; V = 0.183). Positive SPTs to latex occurred in 14/200 subjects (7%), of whom 5/14 subjects (35.7%) were also positive in prick- by-prick tests. Patch tests were positive in 5/104 subjects (4.8%) (mercapto mix 1%, thiuram mix 1.9%, and carba mix 1.9%). CONCLUSION: Only a small number of our subjects were allergic to latex (7%) or rubber additives (4.8%). Thus, self-reported contact dermatoses (during NRL product use) in dental professionals and students are not commonly caused by allergies to latex and rubber additives, as is often assumed, but by other factors.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti, Dentalna medicina



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Stomatološki fakultet, Zagreb,
KBC "Sestre Milosrdnice",
Klinički bolnički centar Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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