Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 968057

Crisis Maps—Observed Shortcomings and Recommendations for Improvement

Kuveždić Divjak, Ana; Lapaine, Miljenko
Crisis Maps—Observed Shortcomings and Recommendations for Improvement // ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 7 (2018), 11; 436, 19 doi:10.3390/ijgi7110436 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Crisis Maps—Observed Shortcomings and Recommendations for Improvement

Kuveždić Divjak, Ana ; Lapaine, Miljenko

ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information (2220-9964) 7 (2018), 11; 436, 19

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Crisis map ; cartographic communication ; design guidelines ; map graphics ; crisis management

Cartographic communication through crisis maps takes place in a unique environment characterised by the immediate risks of considerable loss and stress. Many such maps are designed by practitioners with limited resources, pressured for time, and who often fail to pay the necessary attention to map graphics. This can reduce map clarity and make orientation to and understanding of essential crisis information difficult. To identify the most frequent shortcomings that may compromise the interpretation of depicted objects, phenomena presented, and actions required, we assessed the map graphics of 106 maps specifically designed for communication and action in crises. The results showed that they were often visually overloaded. Crisis data were not conveyed by appropriate cartographic representations, and due to the inappropriate use of visual variables, the associative and selective properties of cartographic symbols were overlooked, and their ordered and quantitative features ignored. The use of colour was often not adapted to conventional visual language, and colour symbolism was not always taken into account. The cartographic symbols used were often incomprehensible, illegible, ambiguous, and unclassified, and they lacked symbolism and hierarchical organisation. The article aims to address these problems by proposing guidelines which do not require much time or expertise, but which would ensure that cartographically correct crisis maps are well designed. Objects, phenomena or actions specific to crisis management would be indicated using appropriate map graphics and their importance highlighted, so as to make interpretation easier for all participants in a crisis event, and so facilitate crisis communication and response.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja


Geodetski fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus