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Lignocellulose degradation: An overview of fungi and fungal enzymes involved in lignocellulose degradation


Andlar, Martina; Rezić, Tonči; Marđetko, Nenad; Kracher, Daniel; Ludwig, Roland; Šantek, Božidar
Lignocellulose degradation: An overview of fungi and fungal enzymes involved in lignocellulose degradation // Engineering in life sciences, 1 (2018), 1-11 doi:10.1002/elsc.201800039 (međunarodna recenzija, pregledni rad, znanstveni)


Naslov
Lignocellulose degradation: An overview of fungi and fungal enzymes involved in lignocellulose degradation

Autori
Andlar, Martina ; Rezić, Tonči ; Marđetko, Nenad ; Kracher, Daniel ; Ludwig, Roland ; Šantek, Božidar

Izvornik
Engineering in life sciences (1618-0240) 1 (2018); 1-11

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, pregledni rad, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Biological pretreatment ; Carbohydrate active enzymes ; Fungi and fungal enzymes ; Lignocellulose degradation ; Plant cell wall

Sažetak
This review aims to present current knowledge of the fungi involved in lignocellulose degradation with an overview of the various classes of lignocellulose-acting enzymes engaged in the pretreatment and saccharification step. Fungi have numerous applications and biotechnological potential for various industries including chemicals, fuel, pulp, and paper. The capability of fungi to degrade lignocellulose containing raw materials is due to their highly effective enzymatic system. Along with the hydrolytic enzymes consisting of cellulases and hemicellulases, responsible for polysaccharide degradation, they have a unique nonenzymatic oxidative system which together with ligninolytic enzymes is responsible for lignin modification and degradation. An overview of the enzymes classification is given by the Carbohydrate-Active enZymes (CAZy) database as the major database for the identification of the lignocellulolytic enzymes by their amino acid sequence similarity. Finally, the recently discovered novel class of recalcitrant polysaccharide degraders-lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) are presented, because of these enzymes importance in the cellulose degradation process.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biotehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-9158 - Održiva proizvodnja bioetanola i biokemikalija iz otpadnih poljoprivrednih lignoceluloznih sirovina (Božidar Šantek, )

Ustanove
Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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