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Ambiguous Subjects and Uneasy Neighbors: Bosnian Franciscans’ Attitudes toward the Ottoman State, ‘Turks, ’ and Vlachs


Kursar, Vjeran
Ambiguous Subjects and Uneasy Neighbors: Bosnian Franciscans’ Attitudes toward the Ottoman State, ‘Turks, ’ and Vlachs // Disliking Others: Loathing, Hostility, and Distrust in Pre-Modern Ottoman Lands / Karateke, Hakan T. ; Çıpa, Hakan T. ; Anetshofer, Helga (ur.).
Boston: Academic Studies Press, 2018. str. 148-186


Naslov
Ambiguous Subjects and Uneasy Neighbors: Bosnian Franciscans’ Attitudes toward the Ottoman State, ‘Turks, ’ and Vlachs

Autori
Kursar, Vjeran

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Disliking Others: Loathing, Hostility, and Distrust in Pre-Modern Ottoman Lands

Urednik/ci
Karateke, Hakan T. ; Çıpa, Hakan T. ; Anetshofer, Helga

Izdavač
Academic Studies Press

Grad
Boston

Godina
2018

Raspon stranica
148-186

ISBN
978-1-618118-80-6

Ključne riječi
Franciscan Chronicles, 18th Century, Ottomans, Bosnia, Confessionalization, Stereotypes, Prejudices

Sažetak
This study focuses on eighteenth-century Franciscan chronicles and other writings as narrative sources rich in individual and collective attitudes toward the ruling Muslims and the rival Orthodox Christian Serbs-Vlachs. These works were created in the wartime and postwar atmosphere of religious and ethnic tensions that marked the turbulent border province of Bosnia. Franciscan attitudes, stereotypes, and prejudices against Others are compared with relevant information from Ottoman documents preserved in the archives of the Franciscan monasteries. While one would expect the use of cautious language and self-censorship when referring to Muslims, the authors often openly expressed dislike, loathing, or hatred—in addition to prevailing indifference, mistrust, anxiety, and fear—toward the individual “Turks” who caused them harm or injustice. On the other hand, they occasionally praised virtuous Muslim friends and righteous dignitaries who provided them assistance in various endeavors. A special category was created for Catholics who “crossed to the other side” and “became Turk, ” occasionally including former Franciscans. Such “deserters” and “traitors” were unsurprisingly refuted as “damned” and “doomed souls, ” and often accused of hatred of former coreligionists, seemingly in accordance with the old chauvinistic Serbian saying that “a Turkified person is worse than a Turk.” This unforgiving attitude might stem from the Catholic Church’s weakness of authority when faced with a real danger of loss of its members via assimilation into the Muslim community. Religious leaders of the Orthodox Christians, pejoratively called “Vlachs, ” “schismatics, ” or “old believers, ” were harshly scourged as archenemies, evil-doers, and slanderers of Catholics in front of the authorities, and were portrayed as dirty, unholy, and betraying errants. In this respect, the Franciscan Christian nemeses received worse treatment than the “infidel Turks.” This animosity was further increased by competition among Christian elites, both ecclesiastical and lay.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Povijest



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-9215 - Evlija Čelebi i Hrvati, nove perspektive (Nenad Moačanin, )

Ustanove
Filozofski fakultet, Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Vjeran Kursar (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Kursar, Vjeran
Ambiguous Subjects and Uneasy Neighbors: Bosnian Franciscans’ Attitudes toward the Ottoman State, ‘Turks, ’ and Vlachs // Disliking Others: Loathing, Hostility, and Distrust in Pre-Modern Ottoman Lands / Karateke, Hakan T. ; Çıpa, Hakan T. ; Anetshofer, Helga (ur.).
Boston: Academic Studies Press, 2018. str. 148-186
Kursar, V. (2018) Ambiguous Subjects and Uneasy Neighbors: Bosnian Franciscans’ Attitudes toward the Ottoman State, ‘Turks, ’ and Vlachs. U: Karateke, H., Çıpa, H. & Anetshofer, H. (ur.) Disliking Others: Loathing, Hostility, and Distrust in Pre-Modern Ottoman Lands. Boston, Academic Studies Press, str. 148-186.
@inbook{inbook, author = {Kursar, V.}, year = {2018}, pages = {148-186}, keywords = {Franciscan Chronicles, 18th Century, Ottomans, Bosnia, Confessionalization, Stereotypes, Prejudices}, isbn = {978-1-618118-80-6}, title = {Ambiguous Subjects and Uneasy Neighbors: Bosnian Franciscans’ Attitudes toward the Ottoman State, ‘Turks, ’ and Vlachs}, keyword = {Franciscan Chronicles, 18th Century, Ottomans, Bosnia, Confessionalization, Stereotypes, Prejudices}, publisher = {Academic Studies Press}, publisherplace = {Boston} }