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Personalized Medicine in Clinical Pharmacology


Vitezić, Dinko; Božina, Nada; Mršić-Pelčić, Jasenka; Erdeljić Turk, Viktorija; Francetić, Igor
Personalized Medicine in Clinical Pharmacology // Personalized Medicine- A New Medical and Sociale Challenge / Bodiroga-Vukobrat, Nada ; Rukavina, Danijel ; Pavelić, Krešimir ; Sander, Gerald (ur.).
Switzerland: Springer International Publishing, 2016. str. 265-278


Naslov
Personalized Medicine in Clinical Pharmacology

Autori
Vitezić, Dinko ; Božina, Nada ; Mršić-Pelčić, Jasenka ; Erdeljić Turk, Viktorija ; Francetić, Igor

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, pregledni

Knjiga
Personalized Medicine- A New Medical and Sociale Challenge

Urednik/ci
Bodiroga-Vukobrat, Nada ; Rukavina, Danijel ; Pavelić, Krešimir ; Sander, Gerald

Izdavač
Springer International Publishing

Grad
Switzerland

Godina
2016

Raspon stranica
265-278

ISBN
978-3-319-39349-0

Ključne riječi
Personalized Medicine ; Clinical Pharmacology ; Pharmacogenomics

Sažetak
Clinical pharmacology includes the principles of personalized medicine as tailoring of medical treatment to the individual characteristics of each patient. In this chapter three different areas of clinical pharmacology that are important in the individualization of the therapy (therapeutic drug monitoring, individualisation in patients with renal and liver dysfunction and pharmacogenetics/pharmacogenomics) have been presented. The main goal of therapeutic drug monitoring is to use drug concentrations to manage a patient's medication regimen and optimise the outcome of the treatment. Proper dosage adjustment is of utmost importance in patients with liver or kidney dysfunction (main organs involved in the processes of metabolisation and elimination of drugs). The recognition that a part of interindividual variability in drug response is inherited, and therefore predictable, created the field of pharmacogenetics/pharmacogenomics. Therefore, it is important to take into consideration all these specific fields and the result will be adequate dosage for individual patient. This personalized therapy would maximize therapeutic efficacy, minimize drug toxicity and can have an important economic impact on the health system. We presume, in the future, personalized medicine will probably lose this adjective “personalized", since it is a unique medicine which uses all the tools we have at the disposal in order to use drugs optimally for individual patient. In this approach clinical pharmacologists certainly have particularly important place.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski