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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 954532

In vitro evaluation of quinuclidinium oximes as reactivators of organophosphorus compounds inhibited human cholinesterases


Zandona, Antonio; Primožič, Ines; Katalinić, Maja; Kovarik, Zrinka
In vitro evaluation of quinuclidinium oximes as reactivators of organophosphorus compounds inhibited human cholinesterases // Programme and Abstract Book, Military Medical Science Letters - Special Issue on the occasion of the 13th International Meeting on Cholinesterases and the 7th International Conference on Paraoxonases, Hradec Králové, Republika Češka, 2018 / Korábečný, Jan ; Soukup, Ondřej (ur.).
Hradec Králové, 2018. str. 85-85 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
In vitro evaluation of quinuclidinium oximes as reactivators of organophosphorus compounds inhibited human cholinesterases

Autori
Zandona, Antonio ; Primožič, Ines ; Katalinić, Maja ; Kovarik, Zrinka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Programme and Abstract Book, Military Medical Science Letters - Special Issue on the occasion of the 13th International Meeting on Cholinesterases and the 7th International Conference on Paraoxonases, Hradec Králové, Republika Češka, 2018 / Korábečný, Jan ; Soukup, Ondřej - Hradec Králové, 2018, 85-85

Skup
13th International Meeting on Cholinesterases and the 7th International Conference on Paraoxonases

Mjesto i datum
Hradec Králové, ČeškaUniversity of Defence, Faculty of Military Health Sciences, Czech Republic, 09-14.09.2018

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Quinuclidinium ; organophosphorus ; oximes ; reactivation

Sažetak
In this study we focused on evaluation of the use of quinuclidinium oximes as potential antidotes in organophosphorus compounds (OPs) poisoning. We determined reversible inhibition of human red blood cell acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and human plasma butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) by 14 quinuclidinium oximes and reactivation of tabun-, VX-, paraoxon-, sarin- and cyclosarin-inhibited enzymes. Reversible inhibition constants were in the range spreading from 3 μM to 4 mM, depending on the oxime structure. The highest inhibition was observed for Q5 which has long aliphatic chain on the quinuclidinium ring quaternary nitrogen. It seems that AChE is selective to oximes that have groups in meta position on the benzene ring while BChE to those with group in para position. Quinuclidinium potency to reactivate organophosphorus-inhibited cholinesterases in vitro, proved promising in restoring cholinesterases activity. VX- and paraoxon- inhibited AChE were reactivated by several candidates up to 90 - 100 % within 1 - 4 hours. Oximes with group in para position showed reactivation potency for cyclosarin-inhibited BChE with reactivation up to 90 - 100 %. Furthermore, at the very beginning of the antidote development, we investigated if quinuclidinium oximes are cytotoxic on selected cell lines. As results indicate, quinuclidinium oximes didn’t show cytotoxic profiles up to 800 μM. Exception was observed only for Q5, oxime with long aliphatic chain in the structure, influencing cells vitality at concentrations significant for reactivation of cholinesterases. Acknowledgment: This work was supported by the Croatian Science Foundation grant no. 4307 and UIP-2017-05-7260.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-4307 - Dizajn, sinteza i evaluacija novih protuotrova kod trovanja živčanim bojnim otrovima i pesticidima (Zrinka Kovarik, )
HRZZ-UIP-2017-05-7260 - MOLEKULARNI MEHANIZMI TOKSIČNOSTI PROTUOTROVA I POTENCIJALNIH LIJEKOVA (Maja Katalinić, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb