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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 954523

Phenyltetrahydroisoquinoline-based triazole compounds are high- affinity potential reactivators of nerve agent-inhibited human acetylcholinesterase


Maček Hrvat, Nikolina; Kalisiak, Jarosław; Zandona, Antonio; Šinko, Goran; Radić, Zoran; Sharpless, K. Barry; Taylor, Palmer; Kovarik Zrinka
Phenyltetrahydroisoquinoline-based triazole compounds are high- affinity potential reactivators of nerve agent-inhibited human acetylcholinesterase // Programme and Abstract Book, Military Medical Science Letters - Special Issue on the occasion of the 13th International Meeting on Cholinesterases and the 7th International Conference on Paraoxonases, Hradec Králové, Republika Češka, 2018 / Korábečný, Jan ; Soukup, Ondrej (ur.).
Hradec Králové, Republika Češka: University of Defence, Faculty of Military Health Sciences, Czech Republic, 2018. str. 76-76 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Phenyltetrahydroisoquinoline-based triazole compounds are high- affinity potential reactivators of nerve agent-inhibited human acetylcholinesterase

Autori
Maček Hrvat, Nikolina ; Kalisiak, Jarosław ; Zandona, Antonio ; Šinko, Goran ; Radić, Zoran ; Sharpless, K. Barry ; Taylor, Palmer ; Kovarik Zrinka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Programme and Abstract Book, Military Medical Science Letters - Special Issue on the occasion of the 13th International Meeting on Cholinesterases and the 7th International Conference on Paraoxonases, Hradec Králové, Republika Češka, 2018 / Korábečný, Jan ; Soukup, Ondrej - Hradec Králové, Republika Češka : University of Defence, Faculty of Military Health Sciences, Czech Republic, 2018, 76-76

Skup
13th International Meeting on Cholinesterases and the 7th International Conference on Paraoxonases

Mjesto i datum
Hradec Králové, Republika Češka, 9.-14.9.2018

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Nerve agent, oxime reactivators, cholinesterases, reversible inhibitor, cytotoxicity

Sažetak
Ten phenyltetrahydroisoquinoline-based compounds synthesized using alkyne+azide [3+2] building block cycloaddition were tested as potential reactivators of human acetylcholinesterase (hAChE) inhibited by different organophosphates. Computational docking indicated molecule phenyltetrahydroisoquinoline moiety association with the hAChE peripheral anionic binding site (Trp286, Tyr337 and Tyr341). Therefore, stabilization near the gorge opening seemed to control the general orientation of the pyridinium ring with its attached aldoxime group inserted into the internal gorge of the hAChE active center. All of the oximes were tested in vitro as potential reactivators of sarin-, cyclosarin-, tabun- and VX-conjugated hAChE and potent reactivators identified, especially with the cyclosarin-hAChE conjugate. Nevertheless, in order to acquire results applicable to reactivation in vivo, compounds should be tested at concentrations higher than 10µM, which proved limiting due to the concomitant reversible inhibition of unconjugated hAChE. High oxime affinity was observed for hAChE, but not for human butyrylcholinesterase, where an aromatic peripheral site is absent. Therefore, we tested the oximes as reversible inhibitors of hAChE. All of the compounds potently inhibited hAChE with dissociation inhibition constants in nM range. To further explore potential for safe antidotal activity, we tested oxime cytotoxicity on the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line. No cytotoxicity was observed at studied concentrations. In conclusion our study has shown that likely binding poses of an oxime in the hAChE active center do not always ensure enhanced enzyme activity for in vivo reactivation. Very high affinity of a candidate oxime for unconjugated hAChE may prove counterproductive for reactivation in tissue.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-4307 - Dizajn, sinteza i evaluacija novih protuotrova kod trovanja živčanim bojnim otrovima i pesticidima (Zrinka Kovarik, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb