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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 953019

Evolution of PM2.5 from biomass high-temperature pyrolysis in an entrained flow reactor


Li, Yan; Wang, Xuebin; Tan, Houzhang; Bai, Shengjie; Mikulčić, Hrvoje; Yang, Fuxin
Evolution of PM2.5 from biomass high-temperature pyrolysis in an entrained flow reactor // Journal of the energy institute, 92 (2019), 5; 1548-1556 doi:10.1016/j.joei.2018.07.019 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Evolution of PM2.5 from biomass high-temperature pyrolysis in an entrained flow reactor

Autori
Li, Yan ; Wang, Xuebin ; Tan, Houzhang ; Bai, Shengjie ; Mikulčić, Hrvoje ; Yang, Fuxin

Izvornik
Journal of the energy institute (1743-9671) 92 (2019), 5; 1548-1556

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Biomass pyrolysis ; PM2.5 ; Emission ; Soot ; Char ; KCl

Sažetak
In this study, wheat straw pyrolysis was conducted in an entrained flow reactor at 900- 1300 °C, and PM2.5 were sampled from the flue gas through a heated sampling system. Multi- phase PM2.5 including carbonaceous matter, potassium-containing particles, and ash particles, was separated and quantified using a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). The micro- morphologies and chemical compositions of these three phases were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Results show that PM2.5 yields during biomass pyrolysis are in the range of 7-34 g/kg (dry-basis biomass) and increase with the increase of pyrolysis temperature. At low pyrolysis temperatures (900-1000 °C), the carbonaceous matter is dominated by char-carbon. When the pyrolysis temperature increase from 1000 °C to 1100 °C, the production of soot is greatly enhanced and soot becomes dominant in PM2.5, and the amorphous morphologies of soot are replaced by the concentric graphitic layers. With the further increasing in pyrolysis temperature, soot particles become more spherical and onion- like. Above 1100 °C, the KCl content in PM2.5 declines, which is because of the capture of KCl and the formation of low-melting potassium aluminosilicates in large char particles. At 1300 °C, the fragmentation of char particles is significantly strengthened, resulting in more ash in PM2.5.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Strojarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
120-1201918-1920 - Racionalno skladištenje energije za održivi razvoj energetike (Neven Duić, )

Ustanove
Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Hrvoje Mikulčić, (320483)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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