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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 952719

Brown adipose tissue thermogenesis: relation to constitutive differences in serotonin homeostasis


Kesić, Maja; Kolarić, Darko; Baković, Petra; Štefulj, Jasminka; Čičin-Šain, Lipa
Brown adipose tissue thermogenesis: relation to constitutive differences in serotonin homeostasis // FEBS3+ ˝From molecules to living systems˝ / Szüts, Dávis ; Buday, László (ur.).
Veszprém: OOK-Press Ltd., 2018. str. 217-217 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Brown adipose tissue thermogenesis: relation to constitutive differences in serotonin homeostasis

Autori
Kesić, Maja ; Kolarić, Darko ; Baković, Petra ; Štefulj, Jasminka ; Čičin-Šain, Lipa

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
FEBS3+ ˝From molecules to living systems˝ / Szüts, Dávis ; Buday, László - Veszprém : OOK-Press Ltd., 2018, 217-217

Skup
FEBS3+ Conference ˝From molecules to living systems˝

Mjesto i datum
Siófok, Mađarska, 02.-05.09.2018

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Obesity, body weight, Wistar-Zagreb 5HT rats, brown adiposse tissue termogenesis, energy balance

Sažetak
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a thermogenic organ with a large ability to convert chemical energy into heat. It has been suggested that increasing of BAT energy expenditure might protect against obesity. A bioamine serotonin (5- hydroxytriptamine, 5HT) acts as anorexigenic neurotransmitter, but peripheral inhibition of 5HT activity seems to reduce obesity by promoting BAT thermogenesis, pointing to the opposite function of central and peripheral 5HT in the regulation of energy homeostasis. To better understand the integrative role of 5HT in pathology of obesity, we use Wistar-Zagreb 5HT rats, a model consisting of two sublines with constitutionally altered 5HT homeostasis (high- 5HT and low-5HT subline), developed by selective breeding toward extreme activities of platelet5HT transporter. Rats from the high-5HT subline have increased body weight and visceral adiposity in comparison with low-5HT animals. Using infrared thermography, here we compared BAT thermogenesis between rats from 5HT-sublines. We also examined relative BAT mass and BAT expression of uncoupled protein-1 (UCP-1), a mitochondrial protein responsible for dissipating energy into heat. Adult obesity phenotype of animals from the high- 5HT subline was accompanied by lower BAT weight, lower BAT UCP-1 mRNA levels and lower BAT thermogenesis. In neonatal rats no significant differences between 5HT-sublines were observed. In response to high-fat diet, animals from the two sublines showed similar increase in BAT thermogenesis. In conclusion, our findings obtained in an original rodent model support a notion that increased peripheral 5HT activity reduces BAT thermogenesis and thus contributes to obesity phenotype.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2014-09-7827 - Serotonergična modulacija pretilosti: međuovisnost regulatornih molekula i puteva (Lipa Čičin-Šain, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Kesić, Maja; Kolarić, Darko; Baković, Petra; Štefulj, Jasminka; Čičin-Šain, Lipa
Brown adipose tissue thermogenesis: relation to constitutive differences in serotonin homeostasis // FEBS3+ ˝From molecules to living systems˝ / Szüts, Dávis ; Buday, László (ur.).
Veszprém: OOK-Press Ltd., 2018. str. 217-217 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Kesić, M., Kolarić, D., Baković, P., Štefulj, J. & Čičin-Šain, L. (2018) Brown adipose tissue thermogenesis: relation to constitutive differences in serotonin homeostasis. U: Szüts, D. & Buday, L. (ur.)FEBS3+ ˝From molecules to living systems˝.
@article{article, year = {2018}, pages = {217-217}, keywords = {Obesity, body weight, Wistar-Zagreb 5HT rats, brown adiposse tissue termogenesis, energy balance}, title = {Brown adipose tissue thermogenesis: relation to constitutive differences in serotonin homeostasis}, keyword = {Obesity, body weight, Wistar-Zagreb 5HT rats, brown adiposse tissue termogenesis, energy balance}, publisher = {OOK-Press Ltd.}, publisherplace = {Si\'{o}fok, Ma\djarska} }