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Quantum spin liquids unveil the genuine Mott state

Pustogow, Andrej; Bories, M.; Löhle, Anja; Rösslhuber, Roland; Zhukova, Elena; Gorshunov, Boris; Tomić, Silvia; Schlueter, John A.; Hübner, R.; Hiramatsu, T. et al.
Quantum spin liquids unveil the genuine Mott state // Nature materials, 17 (2018), 8; 10.1038/s41563-018-0140-3, 6 doi:10.1038/s41563-018-0140-3 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Quantum spin liquids unveil the genuine Mott state

Pustogow, Andrej ; Bories, M. ; Löhle, Anja ; Rösslhuber, Roland ; Zhukova, Elena ; Gorshunov, Boris ; Tomić, Silvia ; Schlueter, John A. ; Hübner, R. ; Hiramatsu, T. ; Yoshida, Y. ; Saito, Gunzi ; Kato, Reizo ; Lee, T.-H. ; Dobrosavljević, V. ; Fratini, S. ; Dressel Martin

Nature materials (1476-1122) 17 (2018), 8; 10.1038/s41563-018-0140-3, 6

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Strongly correlated systems ; mott insulators ; quantum spin liquid ; optical spectroscopy ; density functional theory

The localization of charge carriers by electronic repulsion was suggested by Mott in the 1930s to explain the insulating state observed in supposedly metallic NiO. The Mott metal– insulator transition has been subject of intense investigations ever since1–3—not least for its relation to high-temperature superconductivity4. A detailed comparison to real materials, however, is lacking because the pristine Mott state is commonly obscured by antiferromagnetism and a complicated band structure. Here we study organic quantum spin liquids, prototype realizations of the single-band Hubbard model in the absence of magnetic order. Mapping the Hubbard bands by optical spectroscopy provides an absolute measure of the interaction strength and bandwidth—the crucial parameters that enter calculations. In this way, we advance beyond conventional temperature–pressure plots and quantitatively compose a generic phase diagram for all genuine Mott insulators based on the absolute strength of the electronic correlations. We also identify metallic quantum fluctuations as a precursor of the Mott insulator–metal transition, previously predicted but never observed. Our results suggest that all relevant phenomena in the phase diagram scale with the Coulomb repulsion U, which provides a direct link to unconventional superconductivity in cuprates and other strongly correlated materials.

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Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-1011 - Jako korelirani elektroni u slojnim organskim materijalima i manganitima: niskofrekventna pobuđenja i nelinearna dinamika (Silvia Tomić, )

Institut za fiziku, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Silvia Tomić, (65594)

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus