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The Incidence of T-2 and HT-2 Toxins in Cereals and Methods of their Reduction Practice by the Food Industry


Pleadin, Jelka; Vulić, Ana; Babić, Jurislav; Šubarić, Drago
The Incidence of T-2 and HT-2 Toxins in Cereals and Methods of their Reduction Practice by the Food Industry // Fusarium - Plant Diseases, Pathogen Diversity, Genetic Diversity, Resistance and Molecular Markers / Askun, Tulin (ur.).
London: IntechOpen, 2018. str. 41-64 doi:10.5772/intechopen.71550


Naslov
The Incidence of T-2 and HT-2 Toxins in Cereals and Methods of their Reduction Practice by the Food Industry

Autori
Pleadin, Jelka ; Vulić, Ana ; Babić, Jurislav ; Šubarić, Drago

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Fusarium - Plant Diseases, Pathogen Diversity, Genetic Diversity, Resistance and Molecular Markers

Urednik/ci
Askun, Tulin

Izdavač
IntechOpen

Grad
London

Godina
2018

Raspon stranica
41-64

ISBN
978-1-78923-319-3

Ključne riječi
T-2 toxin ; HT-2 toxin ; Cereals ; Occurrence ; Thermal reduction ; Food industry

Sažetak
T-2 toxin and its major metabolite HT-2 toxin are type A trichothecene mycotoxins produced by the Fusarium moulds, present mainly in cereals and cereal-based products. The studies quoted under this chapter bring data on the incidence of T-2 and HT-2 toxin in unprocessed cereals (n = 285) harvested in Croatia during a two-year period. They also demonstrate the influence of certain thermal food processing methods on the reduction of T-2 and HT-2 toxin in naturally contaminated cereals. In analysed cereals, the highest percentage of T-2- and HT- 2-positive samples was determined in oat samples (56.9%), followed by triticale (34.5%), maize (32.1%) and barley samples (22.7%), whereas the highest mean (94.8 ± 63.7 μg/kg) and maximal concentration (420 μg/kg) of the toxins in reference were determined in maize. The summary T-2/HT-2 concentrations found in one maize and one triticale sample were higher than the indicative levels, necessitating further sampling and investigations of conditions under which the production of these toxins takes place. Thermal food processing in terms of roasting (which enabled 28.8–54.4%-toxin reduction) and especially extrusion (which enabled 73.0–92.5%- toxin reduction) efficiently reduces T-2/HT-2 levels, whereas cooking does not significantly aid in their reduction (<10%-toxin reduction achieved).

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biotehnologija, Prehrambena tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Hrvatski veterinarski institut, Zagreb,
Prehrambeno-tehnološki fakultet, Osijek

Profili:

Avatar Url Jurislav Babić (autor)

Avatar Url Jelka Pleadin (autor)

Avatar Url Drago Šubarić (autor)

Avatar Url Ana Vulić (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Pleadin, Jelka; Vulić, Ana; Babić, Jurislav; Šubarić, Drago
The Incidence of T-2 and HT-2 Toxins in Cereals and Methods of their Reduction Practice by the Food Industry // Fusarium - Plant Diseases, Pathogen Diversity, Genetic Diversity, Resistance and Molecular Markers / Askun, Tulin (ur.).
London: IntechOpen, 2018. str. 41-64 doi:10.5772/intechopen.71550
Pleadin, J., Vulić, A., Babić, J. & Šubarić, D. (2018) The Incidence of T-2 and HT-2 Toxins in Cereals and Methods of their Reduction Practice by the Food Industry. U: Askun, T. (ur.) Fusarium - Plant Diseases, Pathogen Diversity, Genetic Diversity, Resistance and Molecular Markers. London, IntechOpen, str. 41-64 doi:10.5772/intechopen.71550.
@inbook{inbook, editor = {Askun, T.}, year = {2018}, pages = {41-64}, DOI = {10.5772/intechopen.71550}, keywords = {T-2 toxin, HT-2 toxin, Cereals, Occurrence, Thermal reduction, Food industry}, doi = {10.5772/intechopen.71550}, isbn = {978-1-78923-319-3}, title = {The Incidence of T-2 and HT-2 Toxins in Cereals and Methods of their Reduction Practice by the Food Industry}, keyword = {T-2 toxin, HT-2 toxin, Cereals, Occurrence, Thermal reduction, Food industry}, publisher = {IntechOpen}, publisherplace = {London} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Book Citation Index - Science (BKCI-S)
    • Book Citation Index - Social Sciences & Humanities (BKCI-SSH)


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