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Benthos-drift relationships as proxies for the detection of the most suitable bioindicator taxa in flowing waters – a pilot-study within a Mediterranean karst river


Sertić Perić, Mirela; Matoničkin Kepčija, Renata; Miliša, Marko; Gottstein, Sanja; Lajtner, Jasna; Dragun, Zrinka; Filipović Marijić, Vlatka; Krasnići, Nesrete; Ivanković, Dušica; Erk, Marijana
Benthos-drift relationships as proxies for the detection of the most suitable bioindicator taxa in flowing waters – a pilot-study within a Mediterranean karst river // Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 163 (2018), 125-135 doi:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.07.068 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Benthos-drift relationships as proxies for the detection of the most suitable bioindicator taxa in flowing waters – a pilot-study within a Mediterranean karst river

Autori
Sertić Perić, Mirela ; Matoničkin Kepčija, Renata ; Miliša, Marko ; Gottstein, Sanja ; Lajtner, Jasna ; Dragun, Zrinka ; Filipović Marijić, Vlatka ; Krasnići, Nesrete ; Ivanković, Dušica ; Erk, Marijana

Izvornik
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety (0147-6513) 163 (2018); 125-135

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Urban influence ; contaminant pathway ; protected landscape ; Amphipoda ; physico-chemical parameters ; metal contamination

Sažetak
Mediterranean karst aquifers are sensitive systems vulnerable to contamination, exhibiting high rates of diversity and endemicity. In the present pilot-study, we aimed to detect the most suitable bioindicators of contaminant accumulation and mobilization within a Mediterranean karst river (Krka River, Croatia), whose lowermost sections belong to a designated protection area (national park). To meet our goal, we sampled water, drift and benthos (macroinvertebrates and periphytic microfauna) at the two Krka River sites, located upstream and downstream from town Knin and its urban influences. We compared: 1) environmental conditions (water physico-chemical parameters, trace- and macro-element concentrations) ; 2) abundance and diversity of periphyton and macroinvertebrate taxa constituting benthos ; and 3) macroinvertebrate benthos-drift relationships between the two sites. Despite higher values of all measured physico-chemical parameters, and most trace- and macro-element concentrations at the urban-influenced site, the concentrations of contamination indicators (i.e., COD, nutrients, metals) at both sites were generally low. This is likely a result of specific “self-purification ability” of the Krka River, mediated by relatively high contaminant retention potential of the underlying tufa (i.e., calcareous) and/or macrophyte substrates. Between-site differences in water quality further affected the spatial variation of macrozoobenthos, drift, and periphytic microfauna. We suggest that increased COD and orthophosphate concentration, and macrophyte presence at the urban-influenced site, supported higher densities and diversity of benthic organisms dominated by eurivalent (i.e., contamination-tolerant) taxa. The most numerous macroinvertebrate taxa in benthos were amphipod Gammarus balcanicus and the representatives of the endemic Dinaric karst taxa - gastropods Emmericia patula and Radomaniola curta germari, and another amphipod Echinogammarus acarinatus. Although we expected to observe significantly increased drift at the urban-influenced site due to the degraded environmental conditions, it was not observed. The observed benthos-drift patterns suggest that freshwater amphipods (i.e., gammarids), which were found most numerous in drift, could be considered as the most suitable bioindicators of a contaminant (i.e., metal) accumulation and mobilization within karst aquifers comparable to Krka River.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija, Kemija, Biologija, Interdisciplinarne prirodne znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2014-09-4255 - Akumulacija, unutarstanično mapiranje i učinci metala u tragovima u akvatičkih orbganizama (Marijana Erk, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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