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Gender differences in the quality of functional movement patterns among 16-year olds


Karuc, Josip; Jelčić, Mario; Sorić, Maroje; Mišigoj-Duraković, Marjeta; Markobić, Goran
Gender differences in the quality of functional movement patterns among 16-year olds // 14th International Scientific Conference of Sport Kinetics 2018 "Movement in Human Life and Health": proceedings / Baić, Mario ; Starosta, Włodzimierz ; Drid, Patrik ; Konarski, Jan M. ; Krističević, Tomislav ; Maksimović, Nebojša (ur.).
Zagreb ; Novi Sad: Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb ; Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, 2018. str. 374-374 (ostalo, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak)


Naslov
Gender differences in the quality of functional movement patterns among 16-year olds

Autori
Karuc, Josip ; Jelčić, Mario ; Sorić, Maroje ; Mišigoj-Duraković, Marjeta ; Markobić, Goran

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, ostalo

Izvornik
14th International Scientific Conference of Sport Kinetics 2018 "Movement in Human Life and Health": proceedings / Baić, Mario ; Starosta, Włodzimierz ; Drid, Patrik ; Konarski, Jan M. ; Krističević, Tomislav ; Maksimović, Nebojša - Zagreb ; Novi Sad : Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb ; Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, 2018, 374-374

ISBN
978-86-6353-026-3

Skup
14th International Scientific Conference of Sport Kinetics

Mjesto i datum
Poreč, Hrvatska, 24-27.6.2018

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Ostalo

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Sex ; adolescence ; puberty ; FMS

Sažetak
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe functional movement patterns in a representative sample of urban adolescents as well as to assess gender difference in total functional movement screen™ (FMS) score and individual movement patterns. METHODS: This investigation is a part of the CRO-PALS study which is a longitudinal study conducted in a representative sample of urban youth in Zagreb (Croatia) between 2014 and 2017. Analyses for this study are based on 733 adolescents from the CRO-PALS cohort with data on functional movement (365 boys ; age:16-17years). The participants performed a standardized FMS test protocol and one-way ANOVA was used to examine differences between genders in total score, number of asymmetries and individual tests. RESULTS: Girls exhibited slightly higher total FMS score compared to boys (12.7 ± 2.3 and 12.2 ± 2.4, respectively ; F=8.26, p<0.01), while no significant difference in the mean number of asymmetries was found (1.4 ± 1 in boys and 1.3 ± 1 in girls ; F=1.66, p < 0.05). Differences between genders in individual FMS test are depicted in Figure 1. Girls scored higher in inline lunge (F = 27.4, p < 0.01), shoulder mobility (F = 20.4, p < 0.01), and active straight leg raise (F = 102.9, p < 0.01) while boys performed better in pushup (F = 127.6, p < 0.01). On the other hand, performance in deep squat, hurdle step and rotary stability was similar in both genders. CONCLUSION: Although total FMS score differed only marginally, girls were superior in tests challenging flexibility and balance (ASLR, shoulder mobility and inline lunge), while males outperformed females in the test that challenges reflex core stabilization (trunk stability pushup). The results of the present study need to be considered when using FMS as a diagnostic tool among adolescent school-aged population.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita, Kineziologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Kineziološki fakultet, Zagreb