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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 946068

Oxidative stress, cholinesterase activity, and DNA damage in the liver, whole blood, and plasma of Wistar rats following a 28-day exposure to glyphosate


(El proyecto general es evaluación del riesgo genotóxico por exposición a contaminantes ambientales) Milić, Mirta; Suzana, Žunec; Micek, Vedran; Kašuba, Vilena; Mikolić, Anja; Tariba Lovaković, Blanka; Živković Semren, Tanja; Pavičić, Ivan; Marjanović Čermak, Ana Marija; Pizent, Alica et al.
Oxidative stress, cholinesterase activity, and DNA damage in the liver, whole blood, and plasma of Wistar rats following a 28-day exposure to glyphosate // Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 69 (2018), 2; 154-168 doi:10.2478/aiht-2018-69-3114 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Oxidative stress, cholinesterase activity, and DNA damage in the liver, whole blood, and plasma of Wistar rats following a 28-day exposure to glyphosate

Autori
Milić, Mirta ; Suzana, Žunec ; Micek, Vedran ; Kašuba, Vilena ; Mikolić, Anja ; Tariba Lovaković, Blanka ; Živković Semren, Tanja ; Pavičić, Ivan ; Marjanović Čermak, Ana Marija ; Pizent, Alica ; Lucić Vrdoljak, Ana ; Valencia-Quintana, Rafael ; Sánchez-Alarcón, Juana ; Želježić, Davor

Kolaboracija
El proyecto general es evaluación del riesgo genotóxico por exposición a contaminantes ambientales

Izvornik
Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju (0004-1254) 69 (2018), 2; 154-168

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
ADI ; alkaline comet assay ; AOEL ; cholinesterase activity ; cPAD ; glutathione ; glutathione peroxidase ; lipid peroxidation ; organophosphate pesticide ; ROS

Sažetak
In this 28 day-study, we evaluated the effects of herbicide glyphosate administered by gavage to Wistar rats at daily doses equivalent to 0.1 of the acceptable operator exposure level (AOEL), 0.5 of the consumer acceptable daily intake (ADI), 1.75 (corresponding to the chronic population- adjusted dose, cPAD), and 10 mg kg-1 body weight (bw) (corresponding to 100 times the AOEL). At the end of each treatment, the body and liver weights were measured and compared with their baseline values. DNA damage in leukocytes and liver tissue was estimated with the alkaline comet assay. Oxidative stress was evaluated using a battery of endpoints to establish lipid peroxidation via thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS) level, level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), glutathione (GSH) level, and the activity of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). Total cholinesterase activity and the activities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) were also measured. The exposed animals gained less weight than control. Treatment resulted in significantly higher primary DNA damage in the liver cells and leukocytes. Glyphosate exposure significantly lowered TBARS in the liver of the AOEL, ADI, and cPAD groups, and in plasma in the AOEL and cPAD group. AChE was inhibited with all treatments, but the AOEL and ADI groups significantly differed from control. Total ChE and plasma/liver ROS/GSH levels did not significantly differ from control, except for the 35 % decrease in ChE in the AOEL and ADI groups and a significant drop in liver GSH in the cPAD and 100xAOEL groups. AOEL and ADI blood GSH-Px activity dropped significantly, but in the liver it significantly increased in the ADI, cPAD, and 100xAOEL groups vs. control. All these findings show that even exposure to low glyphosate levels can have serious adverse effects and points to a need to change the approach to risk assessment of low-level chronic/sub-chronic glyphosate exposure, where oxidative stress is not necessarily related to the genetic damage and AChE inhibition.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita, Veterinarska medicina, Prehrambena tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-8366 - Organska zagađivala u okolišu - markeri i biomarkeri toksičnosti (Davor Želježić, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • AGRIS International
  • Biological Sciences
  • Pollution Abstracts
  • TOXLINE
  • Water Resources Abstracts
  • Animal Science Database
  • Biological Sciences (CSA)
  • BIOSIS Previews
  • GreenFile
  • INIS
  • Veterinary Science Database
  • EBSCO Academic Search Complete
  • TEMA
  • Food Science and Technology Abstracts – FSTA
  • Ergonomic Abstracts.


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