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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 945590

Decrease in body mass index: Personal genotyping, individual diet, and exercise plan


Džehverović, MIrela; Ahatović, Anesa; Pojskić, Naris; Lojo-Kadrić, Naida; Pilav, Amela; Marjanović, Damir; Čakar, Jasmna
Decrease in body mass index: Personal genotyping, individual diet, and exercise plan // Journal of Health Sciences, 7 (2018), 12; 91-98 doi:10.17532/jhsci.2017.432 (recenziran, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Decrease in body mass index: Personal genotyping, individual diet, and exercise plan

Autori
Džehverović, MIrela ; Ahatović, Anesa ; Pojskić, Naris ; Lojo-Kadrić, Naida ; Pilav, Amela ; Marjanović, Damir ; Čakar, Jasmna

Izvornik
Journal of Health Sciences (2232-7576) 7 (2018), 12; 91-98

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms ; nutrition ; physical activity ; body mass index

Sažetak
Introduction: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have lately been used for prediction of metabolic processes that may be related to obesity. The aim of our study was to examine the association of SNPs of several genes with obesity and physical activity in 18 healthy volunteers.Methods: We used buccal swabs to collect and extract DNA from 18 volunteers. Pyrosequencing was used for molecular analysis of 13 polymorphisms in 10 genes (APOA2, MTHFR, MCM6, peroxisome pro-liferators-activated receptor gamma, FABP2, beta-2-adrenergic receptor (ADRB)2, ADRB3, A-actinin-3, angiotensin-converting enzyme, and FUT2). The volunteers’ personal data included body mass index (BMI), dietary practice and information on daily fitness and workout routine. Association between the 13 observed gene polymorphisms and individual BMI status (normal or overweight) was analyzed. Results of the DNA analysis were used for the expert evaluation by nutritionists and physiologists to obtain optimal regulation of nutrition and exercise. The volunteers had a dietary and fitness program for 12 months which they tracked by filling in a suitable study form.Results: 14 volunteers had a moderate genetic predisposition for abdominal adipose-tissue accumula-tion, while 4 of them had genotypes not associated with abdominal fat tissue accumulation. A statistically significant difference was found between the value of BMI before and after the implementation of per-sonalized training and nutrition plan within the group of overweight volunteers (paired sample t=3.382 ; p = 0.006 ; exact p = 0.015). The single-locus F-test showed no association between the gene polymor- phisms and BMI values. In addition, no correlation was detected between the gene polymorphisms and amount of BMI reduction prior and after the implementation of the personalized training and nutrition plan within the overweighed group of volunteers.Conclusion: Optimal nutrition and training plan are crucial for the BMI reduction as observed in the over- weighed volunteers after the 12-month personalized training and individualized nutrition plan. However, the analyzed polymorphisms were not significantly associated with the obesity in this study

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biotehnologija u biomedicini (prirodno područje, biomedicina i zdravstvo, biotehničko područje)



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za antropologiju

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Damir Marjanović, (279190)

Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • COBISS, EBSCO


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