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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 943674

Quality of life related to smile aesthetics - construction and validation of a new short psychometric instrument


Špalj, Stjepan; Katić, Višnja; Perković, Vjera; Kovačević Pavičić, Daniela; Lajnert, Vlatka
Quality of life related to smile aesthetics - construction and validation of a new short psychometric instrument // Abstract book 94th EOS Congress
Edinburg, Velika Britanija, 2018. str. 164-165 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Quality of life related to smile aesthetics - construction and validation of a new short psychometric instrument

Autori
Špalj, Stjepan ; Katić, Višnja ; Perković, Vjera ; Kovačević Pavičić, Daniela ; Lajnert, Vlatka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Abstract book 94th EOS Congress / - , 2018, 164-165

Skup
94th European Orthodontic Socitey Congress

Mjesto i datum
Edinburg, Velika Britanija, 17-21.6.2018

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Esthetics, quality of life, smile

Sažetak
AIMS: Orofacial aesthetics raises psychosocial issues. The purpose of this study was to create and validate new short instrument for patient reported outcome measures of psychosocial impacts of altered smile aesthetics. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A team of four experts ; an orthodontist, two prosthodontists and psychologist, and a dental student attending the final semester generated items that could draw up specific hypothetical psychosocial dimensions (69 items initially, 39 in final analysis). The sample consisted of 261 Caucasian subjects attending local high schools and university (26% male) in the 14-28 year age range that self- administrated the designed questionnaire. Factorial analysis, Cronbach’s alpha, Pearson correlation, paired samples t-test and analysis of variance were used for analyses. RESULTS: Three dimensions of psychosocial impacts of altered smile aesthetics were identified: dental selfconsciousness, dental self-confidence and social contacts, which can best be fitted by 12 items, four items in each dimension. Internal consistency was good (α in range 0.85-0.89). The new instrument is able to detect some problems related to impaired smile aesthetics. The increase of the degree of self-perceived impairment of the aesthetic component of malocclusion leads to an increase in self- consciousness and a decrease in selfconfidence (P ≤ 0.007). Good stability was confirmed. CONCLUSION: The new instrument, Smile Esthetics- Related Quality of Life, is short and has proven to be a good indicator of psychosocial dimensions related to perception of smile aesthetics. It might have practical validity when applied in aesthetic dental clinical procedures.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Dentalna medicina



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
13.06.2.1.53

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka