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Mechanism of Mechanochemical C–H Bond Activation in an Azobenzene Substrate by Pd(II) Catalysts


Bjelopetrović, Alen; Lukin, Stipe; Halasz, Ivan; Užarević, Krunoslav; Đilović, Ivica; Barišić, Dajana; Budimir, Ana; Juribašić Kulcsar, Marina; Ćurić, Manda
Mechanism of Mechanochemical C–H Bond Activation in an Azobenzene Substrate by Pd(II) Catalysts // Chemistry : a European journal, 24 (2018), 42; 10672-10682 doi:10.1002/chem.201802403 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Mechanism of Mechanochemical C–H Bond Activation in an Azobenzene Substrate by Pd(II) Catalysts

Autori
Bjelopetrović, Alen ; Lukin, Stipe ; Halasz, Ivan ; Užarević, Krunoslav ; Đilović, Ivica ; Barišić, Dajana ; Budimir, Ana ; Juribašić Kulcsar, Marina ; Ćurić, Manda

Izvornik
Chemistry : a European journal (0947-6539) 24 (2018), 42; 10672-10682

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Mechanism ; C-H activation ; palladium ; mechanochemistry ; spectroscopy ; azobenzene

Sažetak
Mechanism of C–H bond activation by various Pd(II) catalysts under milling conditions has been studied by in situ Raman spectroscopy. Common Pd(II) precursors, i.e. PdCl2, [Pd(OAc)2]3, PdCl2(MeCN)2 and [Pd(MeCN)4][BF4]2, have been employed for the activation of one or two C–H bonds in an unsymmetrical azobenzene substrate. The C–H activation was achieved by all used Pd(II) precursors and their reactivity increases in the order [Pd(OAc)2]3 < PdCl2(MeCN)2 < PdCl2 < [Pd(MeCN)4][BF4]2. In situ Raman monitoring in combination with stepwise ex situ NMR, IR and PXRD experiments has provided direct probing of the reaction mechanism and kinetics, and revealed how liquids of different acid-base properties and proticity as well as selected solids used as additives modify precursors or intermediates and their reactivity. Reaction intermediates that were isolated and structurally characterized agree with the observed species during reaction. In situ Raman spectroscopy has also enabled the derivation of reaction profiles suggesting an electrophilic process which proceeds via a coordination complex (adduct) undergoing deprotonation by a bound or an external base depending on the used Pd(II) precursor. Slow step of the first palladation for two chloride precursors and [Pd(MeCN)4][BF4]2 is the C–H bond cleavage whereas palladation using [Pd(OAc)2]3 depends primarily on breaking of its trimeric structure by the azobenzene substrate and/or liquid additives.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2014-09-7984 - Zelena sinteza organopaladijevih foto-osjetljivih spojeva
HRZZ-UIP-2014-09-4744 - Mehaniokemijska reaktivnost pod kontroliranim uvjetima temperature i atmosfere za čišću sintezu funkcionalnih materijala (Krunoslav Užarević, )

Ustanove
Farmaceutsko-biokemijski fakultet, Zagreb,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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