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CASE WITH ONE MISSING PIECE OF PUZZLE


Cuculić, Dražen; Stemberga, Valter; Arbanas, Silvia; Ferenčić, Antun; Šoša, Ivan
CASE WITH ONE MISSING PIECE OF PUZZLE // The 26th International Meeting on Forensic Medicine Alpe – Adria – Pannonia - Abstract book / Milovan Kubat, Davor Mayer i Marija Baković (ur.).
Pula, 2018. str. 55-55 (poster, recenziran, sažetak, stručni)


Naslov
CASE WITH ONE MISSING PIECE OF PUZZLE

Autori
Cuculić, Dražen ; Stemberga, Valter ; Arbanas, Silvia ; Ferenčić, Antun ; Šoša, Ivan

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, stručni

Izvornik
The 26th International Meeting on Forensic Medicine Alpe – Adria – Pannonia - Abstract book / Milovan Kubat, Davor Mayer i Marija Baković - Pula, 2018, 55-55

Skup
The 26th International Meeting on Forensic Medicine Alpe – Adria – Pannonia

Mjesto i datum
Pula, Hrvatska, 30. 05. – 2 .06. 2018

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Recenziran

Ključne riječi
Dactyloscopy ; forensic medicine ; identification

Sažetak
Objective: To illustrate the identification first by dactyloscopy and then by molecular DNA analysis, since the former was insufficient and failed to yield adequate results to solve the case. Case report: After they found a human finger in the city centre of Rijeka, concerned citizens alerted the police. After inspecting the scene, the finger was transported to the Department of Forensic Medicine where it was rehydrated (by injecting diluted glycerol). After that, the dactyloscopy was possible, and the fingerprint was photographed. However, the automated fingerprint identification system (AFIS) was unable to recognize this particular fingerprint in comparison to any other from the system database. Therefore, it was concluded that the finger belonged to a person who was not suspected of committing a criminal offense, or has not been a part of a ten-finger dactyloscopic collection, so the identification process remained unsuccessful. The medical examiner recognized it was the fourth finger of the left hand of a male that was chopped off by some sharp object. At the same time, into the neighbour county of Karlovac, the dead body of a young man of known identity was found in the car. By criminalistic insight into the events, police investigators from the police department of the county of Primorsko-Goranska županija (PU PG) assumed that the finger found in Rijeka was associated with the male body found in the car near Karlovac. By taking the required samples from the corpse and sending the finger to the Forensic Science Centre "Ivan Vučetić" in Zagreb, it was possible to conduct a molecular DNA analysis that confirmed the match between the finger and the deceased. Discussion: Dactyloscopy is an accepted scientific method for physical and legal identification of a person based on papillary lines (primarily on fingers, palms, and thighs). It helps with the identification expertise by rapidly identifying deceased persons when recognition can not yeald satifactory results. The case outlines the need for proper co-operation between police officers and medicolegal experts, emphasizing the role of the forensic laboratories. Conclusion: Dactyloscopy as an undisputedly cost-effective and reliable classical identification method can provide quick information on the identity of a person in some instances. Sometimes, however DNA analysis is mandatory for definite identification.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski