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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 940368

Transnational Social Spaces as Facilitators of Migration: Social Ties and Mobilities Across Croatian Borders


Božić, Saša; Kuti, Simona
Transnational Social Spaces as Facilitators of Migration: Social Ties and Mobilities Across Croatian Borders // Third Annual Conference of the Western Balkans Migration Network "A search for that special place under the sun in modern Europe: migration in the twenty first century", Book of Abstracts
Zagreb: The Institute of Economics, Zagreb, 2018. str. 7-7 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Transnational Social Spaces as Facilitators of Migration: Social Ties and Mobilities Across Croatian Borders

Autori
Božić, Saša ; Kuti, Simona

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Third Annual Conference of the Western Balkans Migration Network "A search for that special place under the sun in modern Europe: migration in the twenty first century", Book of Abstracts / - Zagreb : The Institute of Economics, Zagreb, 2018, 7-7

ISBN
978-953-6030-52-1

Skup
Third Annual Conference of the Western Balkans Migration Network "A search for that special place under the sun in modern Europe: migration in the twenty first century"

Mjesto i datum
Zagreb, Hrvatska, 25-26.05.2018

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Transnational social spaces, migration, Croatia

Sažetak
Recent dramatic surge of emigration from Croatia initiated an intense debate in the Croatian academia and the public about the causes of such development. Academic and public discourse on emigration is dominated by the economic explanations and by the arguments invoked from the old migration models, e.g. push-pull, wage differentials, human capital etc. Economists and journalists particularly favour uneven regional development, unemployment and falling legal obstacles since Croatia’s accession to the EU, as the main explanatory factors for a surge in emigration from Croatia. While economic factors and diminishing legal obstacles undoubtedly play an important role in accelerating emigration from Croatia, participants in the discussions on the reasons for the proliferation of emigration regularly neglect the role of existing and emerging transnational social spaces (TSS) in facilitating migration. Already before Croatia’s accession to the EU more than 300.000 Croatian citizens, as well as significant number of naturalised migrants from Croatia, lived and worked in the affluent EU countries, most notably Germany, Austria and Sweden. Further on, emigration potential of Croatian citizens was also quite high even before Croatia’s accession to the EU and included 90.000 probable emigrants (Božić and Burić, 2005). Previous data on Croatian citizens’ friends and relatives in the EU countries, their inclination to use social capital in order to emigrate (Božić and Burić, 2005) as well as on increasing remittances (4, 3% of Croatian GDP in 2015 and 5% in 2017, EUROSTAT) present a good indicator that Croatian migrants are actively involved in building and sustaining transnational social spaces. Further on, the use of new social media platforms has generated TSS which are comprised mostly of migrants and probable migrants who were originally not socially bound by obligation, reciprocity or solidarity (Faist, 2000), but who nevertheless, developed strong social networks after discussing and “meeting” within these platforms. There are, e.g. several very active Facebook groups with thousands of users which are dedicated to enabling a smooth emigration for mostly young Croatian potential migrants, primarily to Ireland but also other European countries. By the beginning of the 21st century TSS are being recognised as potentially the most important parts of transnational transmission belts (Faist, 2000). Contemporary research proves that TSS play an important role in explaining migration patterns between particular EU countries (Wahlbeck, 2015). We shall therefore concentrate on the role of TSS in facilitating emigration from Croatia, as well as on previously construed TSS, particularly by immigrant and ethnic minority groups, and their role in facilitating other forms of mobility across Croatian borders.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Sociologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
076-0762385-2378 - Transnacionalne migracije - izazovi hrvatskom društvu (Saša Božić, )

Ustanove
Institut za migracije i narodnosti, Zagreb,
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