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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 938472

Evaluation of genotoxic effects of commonly used chemicals in medical laboratories


Škrlec, Ivana; Feketija, Vedrana; Galić, Mia; Vrbančić, Kristina; Štibi, Sanela; Wagner, Jasenka
Evaluation of genotoxic effects of commonly used chemicals in medical laboratories // Congress of the Croatian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology on the occasion of the 40th Anniversary
Split, Hrvatska, 2016. str. 104-104 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Evaluation of genotoxic effects of commonly used chemicals in medical laboratories

Autori
Škrlec, Ivana ; Feketija, Vedrana ; Galić, Mia ; Vrbančić, Kristina ; Štibi, Sanela ; Wagner, Jasenka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Congress of the Croatian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology on the occasion of the 40th Anniversary / - , 2016, 104-104

Skup
Congress of the Croatian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology on the occasion of the 40th Anniversary

Mjesto i datum
Split, Hrvatska, 1-4.6.2016

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Chromosome aberration test ; cytokinesis-block micronucleus test ; sister chromatid exchange test

Sažetak
Working conditions in medical laboratories are potentially harmful to humans. In vitro analysis of sister chromatid exchange (SCE), chromosome aberration (CA) and cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) test are the most important methods used in biologic monitoring. SCE test is indirect indicator of the level of damage present in the DNA before duplication, while CA test is used to identify structural damage of the chromosomes. CBMN test is a comprehensive system for measuring DNA damage, cytostasis and cytotoxicity. The aim of this study was to determine the health risk for workers by examining in vitro the genotoxic and cytotoxic effect of xylene, methanol and glacial acetic acid at different chemical concentrations in the CBMN, CA and SCE tests. Participants were younger than 40 and did not worked with chemicals or in the radiation zone. The peripheral blood lymphocytes were treated with three different concentrations of each of the enlisted chemicals and a control test was done. The total number of micronuclei, the number of nucleoplasmatic bridges (NPB) and nuclear buds (Nbud) and cell proliferation index were recorded for CBMN test, whereas mitotic index were calculated for CA and SCE based on 300 analyzed cells in addition to number of CA and SCE. The results showed that the chemicals used increased the number of sister chromatid exchange in relation to the control and decreased mitotic index. Number of chromosome aberrations increase when the concentration of a certain chemical rises. Statistically, a significant difference has been observed between xylene and glacial acetic acid concentration. Xylene, methanol and glacial acetic acid caused a significantly increased number of micronuclei. These results show how important is the education of laboratory personnel to minimize the effect of the occupational exposure and the risk of disease associated with the work.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Osijek