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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 937174

Confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning: the role of consistency and response cardinality


Bajšanski, Igor; Žauhar, Valnea; Valerjev, Pavle
Confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning: the role of consistency and response cardinality // Thinking & Reasoning, 25 (2019), 1; 14-47 doi:10.1080/13546783.2018.1464506 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning: the role of consistency and response cardinality

Autori
Bajšanski, Igor ; Žauhar, Valnea ; Valerjev, Pavle

Izvornik
Thinking & Reasoning (1354-6783) 25 (2019), 1; 14-47

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Syllogistic reasoning ; meta-reasoning ; confidence ; self-consistency ; response cardinality

Sažetak
In two experiments, we examined the resolution of confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning and their heuristic bases. Based on the assumptions of Koriat’s Self-Consistency Model of confidence, we expected the confidence judgments to be related to conclusion consensuality, reflecting the role of consistency as a heuristic cue to confidence. In Experiment 1, the participants evaluated 24 syllogisms with conclusions that varied with respect to validity and consensuality. In Experiment 2, the participants produced conclusions to 64 pairs of premises. The correlation between confidence and reasoning accuracy was low. In both experiments confidence was related to the consensuality of the responses. For consensually correct items, correlation between confidence and accuracy was positive ; however, for consensually incorrect items it was negative. In Experiment 2, confidence was lower for syllogisms with higher response cardinality, or syllogisms that elicited a greater variety of conclusions.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Filozofski fakultet, Rijeka,
Sveučilište u Zadru

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Elsevier Sciences B.V.
  • EMBASE/Excerpta Medica
  • Ergonomic Abstracts
  • ERIH
  • ISI Alerting Services
  • PsycINFO
  • Social Scisearch


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