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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 933549

All-cause mortality prognostic factors in type 2 diabetes-associated ketosis and ketoacidosis


Kruljac, Ivan; Ćaćić, Miroslav; Ćaćić, Petra; Kirigin Biloš, Lora S; Ostojić, Vedran; Blaslov, Kristina; Štefanović, Mario; Vrkljan, Milan
All-cause mortality prognostic factors in type 2 diabetes-associated ketosis and ketoacidosis // Endocr oncol metab, 4 (2018), 1; 12-22 doi:10.21040/eom/2018.4.1.4 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
All-cause mortality prognostic factors in type 2 diabetes-associated ketosis and ketoacidosis

Autori
Kruljac, Ivan ; Ćaćić, Miroslav ; Ćaćić, Petra ; Kirigin Biloš, Lora S ; Ostojić, Vedran ; Blaslov, Kristina ; Štefanović, Mario ; Vrkljan, Milan

Izvornik
Endocr oncol metab (1849-8922) 4 (2018), 1; 12-22

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Type 2 diabetes mellitus ; hyperglycemia ; diabetic ketosis ; diabetic ketoacidosis ; mortality ; prognostic factor

Sažetak
Background: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) represents a life-threatening acute diabetic complication attributed to type 1 diabetes. In the past decades, the presence of DK or even DKA has been increasingly recognized among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Aim of the Study: We aimed to analyze characteristics and mortality rate prognostic factors in patients with T2DM presenting with non-ketotic hyperglycemia (NKH), DK, and DKA. Methods: Population-based retrospective study at the Emergency Department of Clinical Hospital Center Sestre Milosrdnice, Zagreb, Croatia, was conducted. DKA was defined as plasma glucose >13.9 mmol/L, ketonuria >2+, and capillary blood bicarbonate levels <18 mmol/L or capillary blood pH <7.30. 137 patients with T2DM presenting with DKA and 137 age- and gender-matched patients with NKH and DK were included in the study. We analyzed general anthropometric characteristics, precipitating factors, signs and symptoms, medications, alcohol, and cigarette consumption. Results: Patients with DKA had significantly higher mortality rates when compared with DK (HR 2.55, 95% CI 1.65–3.92, P < 0.001) and NKH (HR 1.27, 95% CI 1.05–1.53, P = 0.01). Older age, higher blood urea nitrogen, and calcium channel antagonists use were adverse prognostic factors across all groups. Acetylsalicylic acid and insulin in DKA and furosemide use in DK group were associated with increased mortality. Conversely, alcohol and tobacco use was associated with lower mortality in DKA group. These variables predicted 1-year mortality with and accuracy of 81% in DK group and 88% in DKA group. Conclusion: Prognostic factors and all-cause mortality differ between patients with NKH, DK, and DKA. Further, prospective trials should evaluate whether the addressing prognostic factors could improve patient outcomes.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove:
KBC "Sestre Milosrdnice"

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Kruljac, Ivan; Ćaćić, Miroslav; Ćaćić, Petra; Kirigin Biloš, Lora S; Ostojić, Vedran; Blaslov, Kristina; Štefanović, Mario; Vrkljan, Milan
All-cause mortality prognostic factors in type 2 diabetes-associated ketosis and ketoacidosis // Endocr oncol metab, 4 (2018), 1; 12-22 doi:10.21040/eom/2018.4.1.4 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Kruljac, I., Ćaćić, M., Ćaćić, P., Kirigin Biloš, L., Ostojić, V., Blaslov, K., Štefanović, M. & Vrkljan, M. (2018) All-cause mortality prognostic factors in type 2 diabetes-associated ketosis and ketoacidosis. Endocr oncol metab, 4 (1), 12-22 doi:10.21040/eom/2018.4.1.4.
@article{article, year = {2018}, pages = {12-22}, DOI = {10.21040/eom/2018.4.1.4}, keywords = {Type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperglycemia, diabetic ketosis, diabetic ketoacidosis, mortality, prognostic factor}, journal = {Endocr oncol metab}, doi = {10.21040/eom/2018.4.1.4}, volume = {4}, number = {1}, issn = {1849-8922}, title = {All-cause mortality prognostic factors in type 2 diabetes-associated ketosis and ketoacidosis}, keyword = {Type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperglycemia, diabetic ketosis, diabetic ketoacidosis, mortality, prognostic factor} }
@article{article, year = {2018}, pages = {12-22}, DOI = {10.21040/eom/2018.4.1.4}, keywords = {Type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperglycemia, diabetic ketosis, diabetic ketoacidosis, mortality, prognostic factor}, journal = {Endocr oncol metab}, doi = {10.21040/eom/2018.4.1.4}, volume = {4}, number = {1}, issn = {1849-8922}, title = {All-cause mortality prognostic factors in type 2 diabetes-associated ketosis and ketoacidosis}, keyword = {Type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperglycemia, diabetic ketosis, diabetic ketoacidosis, mortality, prognostic factor} }

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