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Cu-NMR/NQR study of quasi-0D spin S = ½ tetramer SeCuO3: ordered phase and spin excitations


Cvitanić, Tonči; Grbić, Mihael Srđan; Berger, Helmuth; Požek, Miroslav
Cu-NMR/NQR study of quasi-0D spin S = ½ tetramer SeCuO3: ordered phase and spin excitations // International Conference on Strongly Correlated Electron Systems
Prag, Češka, 2017. Mo-4-61, 1 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Cu-NMR/NQR study of quasi-0D spin S = ½ tetramer SeCuO3: ordered phase and spin excitations

Autori
Cvitanić, Tonči ; Grbić, Mihael Srđan ; Berger, Helmuth ; Požek, Miroslav

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Skup
International Conference on Strongly Correlated Electron Systems

Mjesto i datum
Prag, Češka, 16-21.07.2017

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
NMR ; magnetism ; low-dimensional

Sažetak
Low dimensional quantum magnetism is of great interest in theoretical and experimental physics research, owing to strong quantum fluctuations and consequently rich phase diagrams. Coupled spin clusters, called quasi-0D magnets, are of great interest because of their isolated intracluster interactions, as well as competing intercluster interactions that give rise to a 3D ordering. SeCuO3 is monoclinic P21/n system. Magnetism in this compound is due to a single spin on Cu 3dx2-y2 orbital. Two inequivalent Cu sites, Cu1 and Cu2 are connected by oxygen superexchange to other Cu sites, forming spin cluster of four spins, i.e. tetramer (Fig.1). The Heisenberg interaction parameters- J11 for Cu1 – Cu1, and J12 for Cu1 – Cu2 - have values of approx. 200 K [1]. SeCuO3 orders antiferromagnetically at TN = 8 K, which leaves a wide temperature range (8- 200 K) at which low dimensional magnetism exists, making it an ideal compound for study. Multiple experimental techniques were previously used [2, 3] to determine its ordered phase and low-dimensional behaviour, but no clear picture was established. Tetramer interactions are not able to fully explain observables in disordered state, and spin structure in ordered phase is not completely clear. NQR technique was used as a local probe of spin structure. Cu nucleus was chosen for its direct coupling to magnetic moment. By doing rotation measurements on single crystals, we show that only Cu1 site is observable by NMR technique, implying fast fluctuations of Cu2 site magnetic moments. Zero field NMR in the ordered phase, together with neutron measurements [4], provided insight into spin structure and onset of antiferromagnetic order. Spin-lattice relaxation measurements were conducted to study spin dynamics in 3D ordered and disordered lowdimensional phase. It provided clear and direct evidence of spin ordering into gapless antiferromagnetic phase. Evidence for 1D long range correlations are present in temperature range from 8 up to 90 K. At higher temperatures activation behavior is visible, comparable to J11 coupling energy. Our work showed that to completely explain the magnetism in disordered phase of SeCuO3, a model beyond tetramer is needed, probably including J22 chain-like interaction (in accordance with our spin – lattice relaxation), and maybe existence of Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction between Cu1 and Cu2 sites. Magnetic structure in ordered state was determined for Cu1 spins, studied with NMR of the corresponding nuclear spin. [1] H. Effenberger, Z. Kristallogr. 175, 61 (1986) [2] I. Živković et al., Phys. Rev. B 86, 054405 (2012) [3] M.Herak et al., Phys. Rev. B 89, 184411 (2014) [4] V. Šurija, private correspondence

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
IP-11-2013-2729

Ustanove
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb