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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 930996

Apigenin, a dietary flavonoid, induces apoptosis, DNA damage, and oxidative stress in human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA MB-231 cells


Vrhovac Madunić, Ivana; Madunić, Josip; Antunović, Maja; Paradžik, Mladen; Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera; Breljak, Davorka; Marijanović, Inga; Gajski, Goran
Apigenin, a dietary flavonoid, induces apoptosis, DNA damage, and oxidative stress in human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA MB-231 cells // Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology, 391 (2018), 5; 537-550 doi:10.1007/s00210-018-1486-4 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Apigenin, a dietary flavonoid, induces apoptosis, DNA damage, and oxidative stress in human breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA MB-231 cells

Autori
Vrhovac Madunić, Ivana ; Madunić, Josip ; Antunović, Maja ; Paradžik, Mladen ; Garaj-Vrhovac, Vera ; Breljak, Davorka ; Marijanović, Inga ; Gajski, Goran

Izvornik
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology (0028-1298) 391 (2018), 5; 537-550

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Anticancer effect ; Apigenin ; Apoptosis ; Breast cancer cells ; Cytogenotoxicity ; Human lymphocytes

Sažetak
Apigenin is found in several dietary plant foods such as vegetables and fruits. To investigate potential anticancer properties of apigenin on human breast cancer, ER-positive MCF-7 and triple-negative MDA MB-231 cells were used. Moreover, toxicological safety of apigenin towards normal cells was evaluated in human lymphocytes. Cytotoxicity of apigenin towards cancer cells was evaluated by MTT assay whereas further genotoxic and oxidative stress parameters were measured by comet and lipid peroxidation assays, respectively. In order to examine the type of cell death induced by apigenin, several biomarkers were used. Toxicological safety towards normal cells was evaluated by cell viability and comet assays. After the treatment with apigenin, we observed changes in cell morphology in a dose- (10 to 100 μM) and time- dependent manner. Moreover, apigenin caused cell death in both cell lines leading to significant toxicity and dominantly to apoptosis. Furthermore, apigenin proved to be genotoxic towards the selected cancer cells with a potential to induce oxidative damage to lipids. Of great importance is that no significant cytogenotoxic effects were detected in normal cells. The observed cytogenotoxic and pro-cell death activities of apigenin coupled with its low toxicity towards normal cells indicate that this natural product could be used as a future anticancer modality. Therefore, further analysis to determine the exact mechanism of action and in vivo studies on animal models are warranted.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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