Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 929798

Endemic warfare and dental health in historic period archaeological series from Croatia


Šlaus, Mario; Bedić, Željka; Bačić, Antonija; Bradić, Jelena; Vodanović, Marin; Brkić, Hrvoje
Endemic warfare and dental health in historic period archaeological series from Croatia // International journal of osteoarchaeology, 28 (2018), 65-74 doi:10.1002/oa.2635 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Endemic warfare and dental health in historic period archaeological series from Croatia

Autori
Šlaus, Mario ; Bedić, Željka ; Bačić, Antonija ; Bradić, Jelena ; Vodanović, Marin ; Brkić, Hrvoje

Izvornik
International journal of osteoarchaeology (1047-482X) 28 (2018); 65-74

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Croatia, dental health, early modern period, late medieval period, paleodontology, warfare

Sažetak
This study assesses the prevalence and distribution of caries, antemortem tooth loss, abscesses, calculus, alveolar bone resorption, and tooth wear in two large composite archaeological series from Croatia in order to determine the effects that long‐term, endemic warfare had on dental health and nutrition. The first series consists of dental material belonging to three cemeteries dated to the late medieval period (1100–1400), a period characterised by rapid social development, increased urbanisation, growth of trade, and an increase of monetary economy. The second belongs to three cemeteries from the early modern period (1400–1700) during which time Croatia was exposed to incessant Ottoman raiding and the gradual subjugation and incorporation of various Croatian territories into the Ottoman Empire. Analyses of 4, 789 permanent teeth belonging to adult males and females show significantly lower frequencies of carious lesions, abscesses, alveolar resorption, and heavy dental wear during the early modern period suggesting a significant change in alimentary habits with, surprisingly, better nutrition and a higher dependence on proteins during the period that Croatia was involved in lowintensity, endemic warfare. The improvement in dental health noted in the Ottoman period series was the result of a combination of circumstances that includes mass emigration of local populations caused by incessant Ottoman raiding, the resulting economic decline and wholesale abandonment of these territories, and the subsequent resettlement of these territories by a new group of peoples known as Vlachs who practised a different subsistence strategy based on pastoralism and cattle farming.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arheologija, Etnologija i antropologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-8100 - Utjecaj endemskog ratovanja na zdravlje kasnosrednjovjekovnih i ranonovovjekovnih populacija Hrvatske (Mario Šlaus, )

Ustanove
Stomatološki fakultet, Zagreb,
Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


Citati