Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 925136

In vitro synergy and postantibiotic effect of colistin combined with meropenem against Enterobacteriaceae with multiple carbapenem resistance mechanisms


(Institut za tehnologiju, Beč, Austrija) Bedenić, Branka; Beader, Nataša; Frančula- Zaninović, Sonja; Varda-Brkić, Dijana; Tripković, Vesna; Šija, Dorotea; Čačić, Marko; Benčić, Ana; Lukić-Grlić, Amarela; Barišić, Ivan et al.
In vitro synergy and postantibiotic effect of colistin combined with meropenem against Enterobacteriaceae with multiple carbapenem resistance mechanisms // eccmid2017, abstracts online library
Beč, Austrija, 2017. str. 135-135 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
In vitro synergy and postantibiotic effect of colistin combined with meropenem against Enterobacteriaceae with multiple carbapenem resistance mechanisms
(N vitro synergy and postantibiotic effect of colistin combined with meropenem against Enterobacteriaceae with multiple carbapenem resistance mechanisms)

Autori
Bedenić, Branka ; Beader, Nataša ; Frančula- Zaninović, Sonja ; Varda-Brkić, Dijana ; Tripković, Vesna ; Šija, Dorotea ; Čačić, Marko ; Benčić, Ana ; Lukić-Grlić, Amarela ; Barišić, Ivan ; Slačanac, Domagoj ; Vranić-Ladavac, Mirna ; Sardelić, Sanda ; Sviben, Mario

Kolaboracija
Institut za tehnologiju, Beč, Austrija

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Eccmid2017, abstracts online library / - , 2017, 135-135

Skup
27th European congress of clinical microbiology and infectious diseases

Mjesto i datum
Beč, Austrija, 22.-25.04.2017

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Postantibiotic effect, carbapenemases, KPC, OXA-48, Enterobacteriacae, antibiotic synergy

Sažetak
Background: Carbapenemases involved in acquired resistance in Enterobacteriaceae belong to Ambler class A serin β-lactamases, class B metallo-β- lactamases (MBL) or class D (OXA-48- like β- lactamases). Clinical studies have found out that combination antibiotic therapy is associated with better therapeutic outcome than monotherapy in severe infection caused by carbapenemase positive strains.Persistant suppression of bacterial growth after short antimicrobial exposure is called the postantibiotic effect (PAE). The aim of the study was to determine in vitro synergy and postantibiotic effect of colistin alone and combined with meropenem against Enterobacteriaceae producing multiple carbapenemases. Material/methods: The study was performed on three strains with multiple carbapenem resistance mechanisms but susceptibile to colistin and one positive for OXA-48 but resistant to colistin. The study included: Citrobacter freundii strain 132452 positive for VIM-1, NDM-1, TEM-1 and CMY-4, Enterobacter cloacae 209377strain positive for VIM-1, NDM-1, OXA-48, TEM-1 and CTX-M-15, Klebsiella pneumoniae strain 145846 positive for VIM-1, NDM-1, TEM1 and SHV-11 all of them being susceptible to colistin and the strain 609815 resistant to colistin and positive for OXA-48. Antibiotic susceptibility to a wide range of antibotics was tested by disk- diffusion and broth microdilution method. The synergy of colistin with meropenem was tested by chequerboard and time-kill method. PAE was determined as previously described. Antibiotic concentrations used during time-kill experiments and PAE studies represented mean steady-state concentrations of non-protein bound drug in human body fluids according to the bibliografic data. The following concentrations were used: 4 mg/L for colistin, 7 mg/l for meropenem and 9 mg/L for vancomycin. Results: All strains were resistant to amoxycillin alone and combined with clavulanic acid, piperacillin alone and combined with tazobactam, cefuroxime, ceftazidime, cefotaxime, ceftriaxone, cefepime, gentamicin and ciprofloxacin and all except 609815 susceptible colistin. All strains showed synergy between colistin and meropenem in chequerboard technique with FICI ranging between 0.12 and 0.24 and in time-kill studies with 3-4 log10 difference in CFU reduction between colistin alone and combined with meropenem after 24 h. None of the strains displayed synergy between colistin and vancomycin in the in chequerboard technique with FICI ranging between 2 and 3.5, but the significant reduction of CFU of combination compared to colistin alone was reported in time-kill studies with C. freundii and K. pneumoniae strains ( >3log10). PAE induced by colistin ranged between 2.5 and 3.5 h, but the addtion of either meropenem or vancomycin did not significantly prolong the duration of PAE induced by colistin (20-30 minutes). Conclusions: From the clinical point of view, the improved bactericidal activity of colistin combinations with either meropenem or vancomycin could provide a rationale for the optimization of the treatment regimen and minimize the drug-induced side effects.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108-1080114-0015 - Mehanizmi rezistencije na antibiotike u Gram-negativnih bakterija (Branka Bedenić, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb