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Effect of Istarska bjelica and Oblica cvs. fruit maturity on virgin olive oil phenolic composition and related typical sensory properties


Lukić, Igor; Krapac, Marin; Žanetić, Mirella; Jukić Špika, Maja; Horvat, Ivana; Godena, Sara; Brkić Bubola, Karolina
Effect of Istarska bjelica and Oblica cvs. fruit maturity on virgin olive oil phenolic composition and related typical sensory properties // Zbornik sažetaka - 52. hrvatski i 12. međunarodni simpozij agronoma / Book of abstracts - 52nd Croatian and 12th international symposium on agriculture / Vila, Sonja ; Antunović, Zvonko (ur.).
Osijek: Poljoprivredni fakultet Sveučilišta Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku, 2017. str. 247-247 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Effect of Istarska bjelica and Oblica cvs. fruit maturity on virgin olive oil phenolic composition and related typical sensory properties

Autori
Lukić, Igor ; Krapac, Marin ; Žanetić, Mirella ; Jukić Špika, Maja ; Horvat, Ivana ; Godena, Sara ; Brkić Bubola, Karolina

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Zbornik sažetaka - 52. hrvatski i 12. međunarodni simpozij agronoma / Book of abstracts - 52nd Croatian and 12th international symposium on agriculture / Vila, Sonja ; Antunović, Zvonko - Osijek : Poljoprivredni fakultet Sveučilišta Josipa Jurja Strossmayera u Osijeku, 2017, 247-247

Skup
52. hrvatski i 12. međunarodni sumpozij agronoma / 52nd Croatian and 12th international symposium on agriculture

Mjesto i datum
Dubrovnik, Hrvatska, 12-17. 02. 2017

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Olive fruit maturity, olive oil, phenols, sensory properties

Sažetak
To investigate the effect of olive fruit maturity on virgin olive oil phenolic composition and related sensory properties, Istarska bjelica (IB) and Oblica (OB) olives were harvested at three dates covering the whole customary harvest period in the Croatian regions of Istria and Dalmatia, respectively. During maturation, IB olives did not change skin color significantly (which is a cultivar characteristic), while OB olives were picked as green, semi-ripe, and ripe. Olives were processed using a laboratory scale Abencor system, and the obtained oils were subjected to HPLC-DAD analysis of phenols. Sensory analysis of oils was performed by an accredited authorized panel using the official IOC method. Hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol, and hydroxytyrosol acetate increased with ripening in IB oils. In OB oils the same was observed for hydroxytyrosol acetate, while other simple phenols exhibited irregular fluctuations. Vanillic acid decreased proportionally with the maturation of IB olives, while in OB oils the same was observed also for vanillin and p-coumaric acid. Flavonoids and lignans increased with harvest date in IB, while during OB maturation acetoxypineoresinol decreased. Secoiridoids exhibited similar variation for both cultivars: the majority of oleuropein and ligstroside aglycons decreased with maturation, except for 3, 4-DHPEA-EDA and p-HPEA-EDA which surprisingly increased in OB. However, the decrease of other aglycons was much sharper in OB than in IB oils. Sensory analysis generally revealed a positive correlation between phenols amount and bitter and pungent sensory attributes of the oils, as well as their overall quality and cultivar typicity. This work has been supported in part by Croatian Science Foundation under the project UIP-2014-09-1194.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Poljoprivreda (agronomija), Prehrambena tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-UIP-2014-09-1194 - Razjašnjavanje sortne tipičnosti vina i maslinovog ulja od hrvatskih domaćih sorti (Igor Lukić, )

Ustanove
Institut za poljoprivredu i turizam, Poreč