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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 916829

Childhood health in Copper Age. An example from Potočani, northern Croatia


Novak, Mario; Janković, Ivor; Balen, Jacqueline; Potrebica, Hrvoje
Childhood health in Copper Age. An example from Potočani, northern Croatia // International Symposium on Funerary Anthropology “Homines, Funera, Astra”, sixth edition, Death and Children from Prehistory to Middle Ages, Program and abstracts
Alba Iulia, Rumunjska, 2017. str. 21-21 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Childhood health in Copper Age. An example from Potočani, northern Croatia

Autori
Novak, Mario ; Janković, Ivor ; Balen, Jacqueline ; Potrebica, Hrvoje

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
International Symposium on Funerary Anthropology “Homines, Funera, Astra”, sixth edition, Death and Children from Prehistory to Middle Ages, Program and abstracts / - , 2017, 21-21

Skup
International Symposium on Funerary Anthropology “Homines, Funera, Astra”, sixth edition, Death and Children from Prehistory to Middle Ages

Mjesto i datum
Alba Iulia, Rumunjska, 15.-18.10.2017

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Potočani ; subadults ; mass burial ; prehistory

Sažetak
In this paper, we present an insight into childhood health in a skeletal sample recovered from a Copper Age mass burial located in Potočani near Požega in northern Croatia. The pit containing multiple skeletons was accidentally discovered during the field survey of the Požega Valley in 2007. Cultural remains found in the pit included broken pottery fragments of the Lasinja Copper Age culture while three bone samples from different layers were dated by radiocarbon to around 4100 years cal BCE. Human remains were mostly articulated but the individual skeletons became partially commingled due to the haphazard placement of bodies at interment as well as by post- depositional processes. Probably the most striking characteristic of this assemblage is the presence of various peri-mortem injuries observed in at least 13 crania, including those of children. The minimum number of individuals, based on the number of frontal bones, is 41, and all age groups of both sexes are present. The youngest subadult individual is about two years old and the oldest is between 17 and 18 years old. Subadults represent over one half of the total sample (21/41). The occurrence of various pathological changes such as ectocranial porosity, cribra orbitalia, linear enamel hypoplasia, and scurvy suggests that most of the studied children experienced severe episodes of physiological stress during early childhood. Additionally, the presence of ante- and peri- mortem injuries in several subadult skeletons indicates they were subjected to an episode of intentional violence that ended in their premature death. It seems that the children from Potočani suffered from poor health characterized by high frequencies of subadult stress indicators but also exposure to interpersonal violence.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arheologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2016-06-1450 - Rekonstrukcija prapovijesnog (od neolitika do brončanog doba) načina života na području Hrvatske – multidisciplinarni pristup (Mario Novak, )

Ustanove
Filozofski fakultet, Zagreb,
Institut za antropologiju,
Arheološki muzej u Zagrebu