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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 915876

Mitotic spindle: Kinetochore fibers hold on tight to interpolar bundles


Tolić, Iva Marija
Mitotic spindle: Kinetochore fibers hold on tight to interpolar bundles // European biophysics journal, 47 (2018), 3; 191-203 doi:10.1007/s00249-017-1244-4 (međunarodna recenzija, pregledni rad, znanstveni)


Naslov
Mitotic spindle: Kinetochore fibers hold on tight to interpolar bundles

Autori
Tolić, Iva Marija

Izvornik
European biophysics journal (0175-7571) 47 (2018), 3; 191-203

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, pregledni rad, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Mitosis ; Kinetochore microtubules ; k-fibers ; Bridging fibers ; Overlap microtubules ; Kinetochore ; Metaphase ; Crosslinkers ; PRC1 ; Motor proteins ; Kinesin

Sažetak
When a cell starts to divide, it forms a spindle, a micro- machine made of microtubules, which separates the duplicated chromosomes. The attachment of microtubules to chromosomes is mediated by kinetochores, protein complexes on the chromosome. Spindle microtubules can be divided into three major classes: kinetochore microtubules, which form k-fibers ending at the kinetochore ; interpolar microtubules, which extend from the opposite sides of the spindle and interact in the middle ; and astral microtubules, which extend towards the cell cortex. Recent work in human cells has shown a close relationship between interpolar and kinetochore microtubules, where interpolar bundles are attached laterally to kinetochore fibers almost all along their length, acting as a bridge between sister k-fibers. Most of the interpolar bundles are attached to a pair of sister kinetochore fibers and vice versa. Thus, the spindle is made of modules consisting of a pair of sister kinetochore fibers and a bundle of interpolar microtubules that connects them. These interpolar bundles, termed bridging fibers, balance the forces acting at kinetochores and support the rounded shape of the spindle during metaphase. This review discusses the structure, function, and formation of kinetochore fibers and interpolar bundles, with an emphasis on how they interact. Their connections have an impact on the force balance in the spindle and on chromosome movement during mitosis because the forces in interpolar bundles are transmitted to kinetochore fibers and hence to kinetochores through these connections.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika, Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
EK-H2020-647077 (Iva TOLIC, EK - ERC-2014-CoG)

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Iva Marija Tolić, (260543)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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