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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 911756

Reliability of Urinary Dehydration Markers Among Elite Youth Boxers

Zubac, Damir; Cular, Drazen; Marusic, Uros
Reliability of Urinary Dehydration Markers Among Elite Youth Boxers // International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 1 (2017), 1-26 doi:10.1123/ijspp.2016-0621 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Reliability of Urinary Dehydration Markers Among Elite Youth Boxers

Zubac, Damir ; Cular, Drazen ; Marusic, Uros

International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance (1555-0265) 1 (2017); 1-26

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Dehydration ; combat sports ; urine ; validity

PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to determine the reliability and diagnostic accuracy of non-invasive urinary dehydration markers, in field-based settings on a day-to-day basis in elite adolescent amateur boxers. METHODS: Sixty-nine urine samples were collected on a day-to-day basis, from twenty-three athletes (17.3±1.9 y), during their weigh-stable phase and analyzed by field and laboratory measures of hydration status. Urine osmolality (UOSM), urine specific gravity (USG), total protein content (TPC) and body-mass (BM) stability were evaluated to determine fluid balance and hydration status. The overall macronutrient and water intake were determined using dietary records. According to their anthropometric characteristics, athletes were assigned into two groups: light-weight (LWB) and heavy-weight (HWB) boxers. RESULTS: Data presented on UOSM demonstrated a uniform increment by 11.2±12.8% (LWB) and 19.9±22.7% (HWB) (p<0.001), over the course of the study, even during the weight-stable phase (BM, ICC=0.99) and ad libitum fluid intake (42±4 mLkg-1day-1). The intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC-s) ranged from 0.52-0.55 for USG to 0.38-0.52 for UOSM, further indicating inconsistency of the urinary dehydration markers. Poor correlations were found between USG and TPC metabolites (r=0.27, p=0.211). CONCLUSIONS: Urinary dehydration markers (both USG and UOSM) exhibit high variability and seem to be unreliable diagnostic tools to track for actual body-weight loss in real-life scenario. The ad libitum fluid intake was apparently inadequate to match acute fluid-loss during and following intense preparation. The applicability of a single time-point hydration status assessment concept may preclude accurate assessment of actual body-weight deficit(s) in youth boxers.

Izvorni jezik


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-UIP-2013-11-6524 - Anaerobni kapaciteti u udaračkim borilačkim sportovima (Dražen Čular, )

Kineziološki fakultet, Split

Časopis indeksira:

  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus