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The effects of response cardinality and consensuality on confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning


Bajšanski, Igor; Žauhar, Valnea
The effects of response cardinality and consensuality on confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning // Abstracts of the 20th Conference of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology / Fischer, Martin H. ; Sixtus, Elena ; Werner, Karsten ; Engbert, Ralf ; Schröder-Abé, Michela ; Wartenburger, Isabell ; Gianelli, Claudia ; Bürki, Audrey ; Laubrock, Jochen ; Lindemann, Oliver (ur.).
Potsdam: Universität Potsdam, 2017. str. 255-255 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The effects of response cardinality and consensuality on confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning

Autori
Bajšanski, Igor ; Žauhar, Valnea

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Abstracts of the 20th Conference of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology / Fischer, Martin H. ; Sixtus, Elena ; Werner, Karsten ; Engbert, Ralf ; Schröder-Abé, Michela ; Wartenburger, Isabell ; Gianelli, Claudia ; Bürki, Audrey ; Laubrock, Jochen ; Lindemann, Oliver - Potsdam : Universität Potsdam, 2017, 255-255

Skup
20th Conference of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology

Mjesto i datum
Potsdam, Njemačka, 3.-6.9.2017

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Confidence ; consensuality ; response cardinality ; syllogisms

Sažetak
According to the Self-consistency model of subjective confidence (Koriat, 2012), confidence judgments for two-alternative forced-choice questions are related to the consensuality of the answer (the proportion of participants who choose the answer) rather than to its accuracy. Jackson (2016) extended the Self-consistency model to open-ended questions and proposed that higher response cardinality (the number of unique response options) should reduce confidence. We tested the assumptions of the Self-consistency model using the syllogistic problems. Participants solved 64 syllogistic problems. All logically possible pairs of premises regarding mood of premises and syllogism figure were included. Participants were asked to generate a conclusion to each problem and to make confidence judgments. The relationships between accuracy, confidence judgments, consensuality and cardinality were analysed. The obtained results strongly supported the predictions of the Self- consistency model. First, confidence was not related to response accuracy. Second, confidence was negatively correlated with response cardinality. Problems with higher number of unique responses were associated with lower confidence ratings. Third, confidence was positively correlated with response consensuality. Answers endorsed by large proportion of participants were given with high confidence, regardless of their accuracy. The obtained results clearly point to the conclusion that confidence judgments do not monitor the actual reasoning performance, but that they rely on consistency (indicated by the consensuality of the response) and response cardinality.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2013-11-4139 - Metakognicija kod kategorijalnog učenja, mišljenja i razumijevanja (Dražen Domijan, )
University of Rijeka Research Grant 13.04.1.3.11

Ustanove
Filozofski fakultet, Rijeka

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Bajšanski, Igor; Žauhar, Valnea
The effects of response cardinality and consensuality on confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning // Abstracts of the 20th Conference of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology / Fischer, Martin H. ; Sixtus, Elena ; Werner, Karsten ; Engbert, Ralf ; Schröder-Abé, Michela ; Wartenburger, Isabell ; Gianelli, Claudia ; Bürki, Audrey ; Laubrock, Jochen ; Lindemann, Oliver (ur.).
Potsdam: Universität Potsdam, 2017. str. 255-255 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Bajšanski, I. & Žauhar, V. (2017) The effects of response cardinality and consensuality on confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning. U: Fischer, M., Sixtus, E., Werner, K., Engbert, R., Schröder-Abé, M., Wartenburger, I., Gianelli, C., Bürki, A., Laubrock, J. & Lindemann, O. (ur.)Abstracts of the 20th Conference of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology.
@article{article, year = {2017}, pages = {255-255}, keywords = {confidence, consensuality, response cardinality, syllogisms}, title = {The effects of response cardinality and consensuality on confidence judgments in syllogistic reasoning}, keyword = {confidence, consensuality, response cardinality, syllogisms}, publisher = {Universit\"{a}t Potsdam}, publisherplace = {Potsdam, Njema\v{c}ka} }