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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 904260

Effect of NO3 and NH4 concentrations in nutrient solution on yield and nitrate concentration in seasonally grown leaf lettuce


Urlić, Branimir; Jukić Špika, Maja; Becker, Christine; Kläring, Hans-Peter; Krumbein, Angelika; Goreta Ban, Smiljana; Schwarz, Dietmar
Effect of NO3 and NH4 concentrations in nutrient solution on yield and nitrate concentration in seasonally grown leaf lettuce // Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica. Section B - Soil and Plant Science, 67 (2017), 8; 748-757 doi:10.1080/09064710.2017.1347704 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Effect of NO3 and NH4 concentrations in nutrient solution on yield and nitrate concentration in seasonally grown leaf lettuce

Autori
Urlić, Branimir ; Jukić Špika, Maja ; Becker, Christine ; Kläring, Hans-Peter ; Krumbein, Angelika ; Goreta Ban, Smiljana ; Schwarz, Dietmar

Izvornik
Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica. Section B - Soil and Plant Science (0906-4710) 67 (2017), 8; 748-757

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Red lettuce ; green lettuce ; NFT system ; N and water use efficiency ; multiple regression

Sažetak
The effect of suboptimal supply of nitrogen (N) and of replacing nitrate in the nutrient solution with ammonia on growth, yield, and nitrate concentration in green and red leaf lettuce was evaluated over two seasons (autumn and spring) using multiple regression analysis. The plants were grown in a greenhouse on a Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) system. Nitrogen concentrations in the nutrient solution were either 3 mM or 12 mM, and the form of N was varied as follows: 100% NO3, 50% NO3 + 50% NH4, and 100% NH4. In both seasons, the biomass (fresh weight) of lettuce heads increased with increasing NO3 concentrations and in autumn, NO3 even at 1.5 mM was sufficient for high yield. However, head dry weight was affected neither by the season nor by changes in the composition of the nutrient solution. The concentration of NO3 had no effect on root dry weight, but it decreased at higher concentrations of NH4. The number of leaves increased as the ratio of NO3 to NH4 in the nutrient solution increased and was higher in autumn because of the longer growth period. Increasing the concentration of NO3 in nutrient solution increased both total N and nitrate concentration in lettuce heads (dry weight) but decreased the concentration of total C. Also, leaf nitrate concentration was lower in spring than in autumn and decreased with increasing NH4 concentration. Nitrogen utilization efficiency was maximum when NH4 levels in the nutrient solution were either 0% or 50% irrespective of the season. Our results thus show that suboptimal N supply in autumn will not affect lettuce yield, and that nitrate concentration in leaves is lower when NH4 concentrations in nutrient solution are higher and also much lower in red lettuce than in green lettuce.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Poljoprivreda (agronomija), Prehrambena tehnologija, Interdisciplinarne biotehničke znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
091-0910468-0281 - Abiotički i biotički čimbenici stresa u sustavima uzgoja povrća na kršu (Smiljana Goreta Ban, )

Ustanove
Institut za jadranske kulture i melioraciju krša, Split,
Institut za poljoprivredu i turizam, Poreč

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • BIOSIS Previews (Biological Abstracts)
  • CA Search (Chemical Abstracts)


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