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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 904176

Characterization of pollution from antibiotic manufacturing: antibiotics and functional antibiotic resistance genes


Udiković Kolić, Nikolina; Gonzalez Plaza, Juan Jose; Šimatović, Ana; Milaković, Milena; Bielen, Ana; Senta, Ivan; Ahel, Marijan
Characterization of pollution from antibiotic manufacturing: antibiotics and functional antibiotic resistance genes // EDAR 2017 - 4th International Symposium on the Environmental Dimension of Antibiotic Resistance (Abstract Book)
Michigan, Sjedinjenje Američke Države, 2017. str. 32-32 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Characterization of pollution from antibiotic manufacturing: antibiotics and functional antibiotic resistance genes

Autori
Udiković Kolić, Nikolina ; Gonzalez Plaza, Juan Jose ; Šimatović, Ana ; Milaković, Milena ; Bielen, Ana ; Senta, Ivan ; Ahel, Marijan

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
EDAR 2017 - 4th International Symposium on the Environmental Dimension of Antibiotic Resistance (Abstract Book) / - , 2017, 32-32

Skup
4th International Symposium on the Environmental Dimension of Antibiotic Resistance (EDAR)

Mjesto i datum
Michigan, Sjedinjenje Američke Države, 13. - 17.08.2017

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Antibiotic pollution, Functional metagenomics, Antibiotic resistance

Sažetak
Introduction Antibiotic manufacturing plants are recognized as the most important point sources for water pollution with antibiotic residues and antibiotic resistance determinants. Consequences to public health and ecosystems may be dramatic but difficult to anticipate due to a limited knowledge in this subject. Objective To characterize the extent of pollution by antibiotics and antibiotic resistance determinants through effluent discharges from two Croatian pharmaceutical industries involved in synthesis and formulation of antibiotics. Methods Chemical analysis of antibiotics was performed by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS). Total and antibiotic resistant bacteria were monitored by culturing. Functional metagenomics was used to identify resistance genes in industrial effluents as well as in sediments at discharge site and upstream of discharge. Results LC/MS analysis showed that effluents from azithromycin production contained high concentration of macrolides (mg/L) whereas effluents from formulation industry contained fluoroquinolones, sulfonamides and tetracyclines at concentrations from low μg/L to low mg/L. Culturing showed that both effluents contained a high frequency of antibiotic resistant bacteria (>80%). Functional metagenomics identified a wide variety of antibiotic resistance genes which shared on average low homology (<90% amino acid identity) with known gene products. The resistance genes were frequently found in clusters and associated with mobile genetic elements. Conclusion This study demonstrates that local pharmaceutical industries release substantial amounts of antibiotics and resistant bacteria to the receiving waters. Actions are therefore urgently needed to improve management of industrial discharges and to reduce risks at such locations. The genomic resource presented here extends the roster of functional antibiotic resistance genes that are dispersed from industrial production.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Interdisciplinarne prirodne znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-UIP-2014-09-9350 - Istraživanje utjecaja otpadnih voda iz farmaceutskih industrija na sastav i profil antibiotičke rezistencije izloženih mirkobnih zajednica u slatkovodnim sedimentima (Nikolina Udiković Kolić, )

Ustanove
Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet, Zagreb,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb