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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 902570

Viral immuno-subversive mechanisms: can we make them work for us?


Jonjić, Stipan
Viral immuno-subversive mechanisms: can we make them work for us? // 1. međunarodni studentski kongres s biomedicinskom tematikom
Rijeka, Hrvatska, 2017. str. 1-10 (plenarno, podatak o recenziji nije dostupan, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Viral immuno-subversive mechanisms: can we make them work for us?

Autori
Jonjić, Stipan

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Skup
1. međunarodni studentski kongres s biomedicinskom tematikom

Mjesto i datum
Rijeka, Hrvatska, 02.-04.11.2017

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Plenarno

Vrsta recenzije
Podatak o recenziji nije dostupan

Ključne riječi
Viral immuno-subversive mechanisms, HCMV, NK cells, T cells

Sažetak
As a consequence of selective pressure imposed by the host immune response, many viruses have developed immune evasion mechanisms that impair host defenses. Herpesviruses are particularly inventive with regard to immunoevasive potential, which enables them to persist in their host for the lifetime, in spite of fully primed immune response. We have been studying immunoevasion mechanisms of cytomegaloviruses (CMVs), which belong to the beta-herpesvirus family. Human CMV infects the majority of people and although asymptomatic in healthy individuals, CMV infection can cause serious disease or even death in immunologically immature individuals or individuals with compromised immune system. CMVs are particularly known for their capacity to regulate immune response by NK- and T-cells, prominent effector cells of innate and adaptive immune response, respectively. In our previous studies, we have characterized numerous CMV genes involved in regulation of these immune response mechanisms. Notably, as a consequence of enhanced susceptibility to immune response, deletion of individual CMV immunoevasins results in virus attenuation. Using the knowledge of CMV immunoevasion mechanisms, we designed recombinant viruses which are able to induce superior protective immune response and, at the same time, remain harmless for their host. In my talk, I will review our studies on recombinant CMVs lacking various immunoevasins as vaccine vectors against various pathogens and tumors.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
062-0621261-1263 - Molekularni mehanizmi citomegalovirusnog izmicanja imunološkom nadzoru (Stipan Jonjić, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Stipan Jonjić, (95983)