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Analytic thinking and the endorsement of psychological misconceptions


Bajšanski, Igor; Žauhar, Valnea; Valerjev, Pavle
Analytic thinking and the endorsement of psychological misconceptions // Current Trends in Psychology 2017 - Book of Abstracts
Novi Sad: Filozofski fakultet Univerziteta u Novom Sadu, 2017. str. 93-93 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Analytic thinking and the endorsement of psychological misconceptions

Autori
Bajšanski, Igor ; Žauhar, Valnea ; Valerjev, Pavle

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Current Trends in Psychology 2017 - Book of Abstracts / - Novi Sad : Filozofski fakultet Univerziteta u Novom Sadu, 2017, 93-93

ISBN
978-86-6065-434-4

Skup
978-86-6065-434-4

Mjesto i datum
Novi Sad, 19-21.2017

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Analytic thinking, overconfidence, psychological misconceptions

Sažetak
Analytic thinking style is related to various beliefs and attitudes, including religious disbelief and scepticism toward paranormal and pseudoscientific beliefs (Pennycook, Fugelsang& Koehler, 2015). In this study we examined the relationship between analytic (vs. intuitive) thinking style and the endorsement of psychological misconceptions among psychology students. A total of 365 undergraduate and graduate psychology students from four universities participated in the study. Actively Open-minded Thinking scale, Need for Cognition scale and Epistemic Preference Indicator were used as measures of thinking styles. Students also completed a 64-item questionnaire about psychological misconceptions and rated their confidence for each answer. Finally, the Paranormal Belief Scale was used. It included three subscales: superstitious beliefs, religious beliefs and paranormal beliefs. The results revealed that graduate students endorsed less misconceptions than undergraduate students (t(327) = 12.68, p < .01) , and that they were less overconfident (t(323) = 5.88, p < .01). However, students were generally overconfident about their performance on the misconceptions questionnaire. The endorsement of psychological misconceptions was strongly related to overconfidence (r = .80, p < .01 for undergraduate students, r = .78, p < .01 for graduate students). This result provides a clear evidence for Dunning-Kruger effect in this domain: the less students know about psychological misconceptions, the more they overestimate their knowledge. Three measures of analytic style were negatively correlated with the endorsement of psychological misconceptions in both undergraduate and graduate students (correlations coefficients ranged from -.20 to -.47). Paranormal beliefs were positively correlated with the endorsement of misconceptions, and negatively to analytic thinking style. The possible sources of the relationship between thinking styles and the endorsement of psychological misconceptions were discussed, as well as the theoretical and practical implications of the obtained results.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ 4139

Ustanove
Filozofski fakultet, Rijeka,
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