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Air pollution control in Macedonia and Croatia by using moss biomonitoring


Stafilov, Trajče; Špirić, Zdravko
Air pollution control in Macedonia and Croatia by using moss biomonitoring // DESETI HRVATSKI ZNANSTVENO-STRUČNI SKUP – Zaštita zraka 2017 Zbornik sažetaka / Doko Jelinić, Jagoda ; Žužul, Silva (ur.).
Zagreb: Hrvatsko udruženje za zaštitu zraka, 2017. str. 18-19 (plenarno, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Air pollution control in Macedonia and Croatia by using moss biomonitoring

Autori
Stafilov, Trajče ; Špirić, Zdravko

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
DESETI HRVATSKI ZNANSTVENO-STRUČNI SKUP – Zaštita zraka 2017 Zbornik sažetaka / Doko Jelinić, Jagoda ; Žužul, Silva - Zagreb : Hrvatsko udruženje za zaštitu zraka, 2017, 18-19

Skup
DESETI HRVATSKI ZNANSTVENO-STRUČNI SKUP – ZAŠTITA ZRAKA 2017

Mjesto i datum
Primošten, Hrvatska, 3-7. listopada 2017

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Plenarno

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
air pollution, heavy metals, moss biomonitoring, health and environmental risks, Macedonia, Croatia

Sažetak
Anthropogenic environmental changes, associated mainly with chemical pollution, lead to a degradation of the natural human environment. Among chemical pollutants, trace elements are of special ecological, biological, and health significance. The production of energy and the consumption of natural resources are the main source of trace elements as contaminants. However, agricultural activities, especially the application of fertilisers and pesticides, also contribute significantly to trace metal pollution in the environment. Soil, as a part of the ecosystem, is vital for the survival of mankind which is closely connected to its productivity. Therefore, surveys of the air pollution by heavy metals on the territories of Macedonia and Croatia were performed within the framework of the International Cooperative Programme for the study of the effects of air pollution on natural vegetation and crops (UNECE ICP Vegetation) since 2000 and 2005, respectively. For that purpose, terrestrial moss samples were collected at locations evenly distributed all over Macedonia and Croatia. Various spectrometric (atomic absorption spectrometry, inductively coupled plasma – atomic emission spectrometry, and inductively coupled plasma – mass spectrometry) and radioanalytical (neutron activation analysis) techniques were applied. Air pollution was investigated by the application of moss biomonitoring and dust samples (attic dust and house-hold dust). Pollution with heavy metals in particular regions was additionally investigated. It was found that the highest pollution is present in areas with abandoned or active mines, metallurgical plants, or thermoelectrical power plants. High content of some heavy metals was also found in areas were their contents usually vary gradually across the geochemical landscape and depend on the geochemistry of the underlying lithology. The distributions of such elements reflect natural processes indicated by elements that are either rarely or never involved in industrial processes. The obtained data were statistically processed and spatial and temporal distribution maps for each specific element were prepared to yield a proper interpretation of the obtained results. The overall aim of this paper is to further initiate, develop, and strengthen comprehensive systematic multidisciplinary scientific research as the key to achieving a better understanding of the environmental and health risks that result from air pollution on a local, regional, and global scale.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemijsko inženjerstvo, Rudarstvo, nafta i geološko inženjerstvo, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
273-0222882-2698 - Bioindikacija onečišćenja zraka u terestričkim ekosustavima (Zdravko Špirić, )

Ustanove
OIKON d.o.o.

Profili:

Avatar Url Zdravko Špirić (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Stafilov, Trajče; Špirić, Zdravko
Air pollution control in Macedonia and Croatia by using moss biomonitoring // DESETI HRVATSKI ZNANSTVENO-STRUČNI SKUP – Zaštita zraka 2017 Zbornik sažetaka / Doko Jelinić, Jagoda ; Žužul, Silva (ur.).
Zagreb: Hrvatsko udruženje za zaštitu zraka, 2017. str. 18-19 (plenarno, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Stafilov, T. & Špirić, Z. (2017) Air pollution control in Macedonia and Croatia by using moss biomonitoring. U: Doko Jelinić, J. & Žužul, S. (ur.)DESETI HRVATSKI ZNANSTVENO-STRUČNI SKUP – Zaštita zraka 2017 Zbornik sažetaka.
@article{article, year = {2017}, pages = {18-19}, keywords = {air pollution, heavy metals, moss biomonitoring, health and environmental risks, Macedonia, Croatia}, title = {Air pollution control in Macedonia and Croatia by using moss biomonitoring}, keyword = {air pollution, heavy metals, moss biomonitoring, health and environmental risks, Macedonia, Croatia}, publisher = {Hrvatsko udru\v{z}enje za za\v{s}titu zraka}, publisherplace = {Primo\v{s}ten, Hrvatska} }