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The role of angiotensin -1 receptors in vasodilator responses of middle cerebral arteries in Sprague- Dawley rats


Drenjančević, Ines; Ćosić, Anita; Jukić, Ivana; Mihaljević, Zrinka; Stupin, Ana
The role of angiotensin -1 receptors in vasodilator responses of middle cerebral arteries in Sprague- Dawley rats // Acta Physiologica 221, S713, 1-290
Beč, Austrija, 2017. (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The role of angiotensin -1 receptors in vasodilator responses of middle cerebral arteries in Sprague- Dawley rats

Autori
Drenjančević, Ines ; Ćosić, Anita ; Jukić, Ivana ; Mihaljević, Zrinka ; Stupin, Ana

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Acta Physiologica 221, S713, 1-290 / - , 2017

Skup
FEPS 2017

Mjesto i datum
Beč, Austrija, 13-15.09.2017

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
High salt diet, angiotensin II type 1 receptor, oxidative stress, losartan

Sažetak
Questions: This study aimed to evaluate the role of angiotensin 1 receptors in endothelium-dependant (flow-induced dilation (FID) and acetylcholine (ACh)) and endothelium-independent (sodium nitroprusside ; SNP) vasodilator responses in cerebral resistance vessels of Sprague-Dawley rats. Additionally, the effects of AT-1R blockade on oxidative status and the role of oxidative stress on vasodilator responses was examined. Methods: Healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats (N=6-7 per group) were fed low salt (0.4%NaCl ; LS group) or LS+losartan (AT-1R blocker ; losartan 40 mg/day in water ad lib) for 7 days. Middle cerebral arteries’ responses to ACh (10-6M), SNP (10-6M) and FID (FID established by increases in pressure gradient (Δ10- Δ100 mmHg)) were studied in absence/presence of superoxide scavenger, TEMPOL (100 μmol/l). Plasma angiotensin II (ANG II) levels were measured by ELISA and plasma antioxidant capacity (FRAP) and lipid peroxidation level (TBARS) were measured by spectrophotometry. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) was also measured. Results: LS+losartan group exhibited significantly decreased vasodilation in response to ACh and FID, while SNP-induced dilation was preserved in both groups. FID was restored by addition of TEMPOL in chamber bath. LS+losartan group had significantly higher ANGII plasma concentration, higher TBARS and lower MAP compared to LS group. FRAP was similar between the groups. Conclusions: Increased oxidative stress may be underlying impaired endothelium-dependant dilation responses. Results suggest important role of ANG II in maintaining arterial relaxation responses via AT-1 receptor activation in physiological conditions. Support: Croatian Science Fundation grant #IP-2014- 09-6380.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-2014-09-6380 - poremećena vazorelaksacija i endotelno-leukocitna interakcija (ELI) u razvoju aterosklerotskih lezija (Ines Drenjančević, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Osijek

Časopis indeksira:


  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE