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A Design-Based Approach to Developing a Mobile Learning System


Holenko Dlab, Martina; Hoić-Božić, Nataša; Botički, Ivica
A Design-Based Approach to Developing a Mobile Learning System // International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering, 11 (2017), 10; 2347-2352 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
A Design-Based Approach to Developing a Mobile Learning System

Autori
Holenko Dlab, Martina ; Hoić-Božić, Nataša ; Botički, Ivica

Izvornik
International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering (1307-6892) 11 (2017), 10; 2347-2352

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Adaptation, collaborative learning, educational technology, mobile learning, tablet computers

Sažetak
Mobile devices are used in classrooms to improve teaching and learning processes. To ensure effective learning, the introduction of such new technologies should be complemented with the introduction of appropriate didactical models. At the same time, the development of mobile learning systems should be in line with the needs of the anticipated users. To achieve this, the presented research aims to develop technologically innovative and scalable mobile learning solution within the SCOLLAm project ('Opening up education through Seamless and COLLAborative mobile learning on tablet computers'). The main research method applied during the development of the SCOLLAm mobile learning system is design-based research. It assumes iterative refinement of the system guided by collaboration between researches and practitioners. Following the identification of requirements, a multiplatform mobile learning system SCOLLAm [in]Form was developed. One of the most important parts of the system is digital lessons authoring tool [in]Form Author that enable teachers to plan mobile learning experiences for their students according to the different didactical models (e.g. problem- based, project-based, inquiry-based learning). Other core components are digital lesson player, question and answer module, and group task/collaboration module with shared canvas. Several experiments were designed and conducted in the first and second grade of elementary school. SCOLLAm [in]Form was used to design learning activities for math classes during which students practice calculating individually or in pairs. To determine the affordances of the system and possible improvements, interaction among students was observed via log-files, videos and class observation. Throughout monitoring the interaction amongst students during learning activities as well as interviewing the teachers and students, their satisfaction with the system is collected. On the other hand, teachers’ observations contributed the next phase of the design-based research of the SCOLLAm [in]Form development indicating that the core modules of the system should be complemented with two new components: adaptation module and analytics module. Adaptation module will contain rules for adaptive group formation (to form a matching group for certain collaborative task), adaptive activities sequencing (to provide students with the most suitable tasks) and for generating recommendations of the most suitable tools/applications to perform given (collaborative) tasks. Analytics module will be used to collect, store and analyze data regarding students’ actions, achievements and preferences. While adaptation module should embed adaptation into students’ activities, [in]Form Author should allow teachers to modify designed rules during the process of planning learning activities. User interface and implemented functionalities should be tailored to teachers’ digital competences in order to encourage them to use the system in everyday teaching. Results of the presented research indicate that further development of SCOLLAm [in]Form mobile learning system should include components that will support teachers in planning and implementation of adaptive learning experiences. This is in line with the contemporary approaches to technology enhanced learning which emphasize the need for adapting the learning process to students’ characteristics.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Računarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-UIP-2013-11-7908 - Otvaranje obrazovanja kroz učenje unutar i izvan škola i kolaboraciju na mobilnim tablet računalima (Ivica Botički, )

Ustanove
Fakultet elektrotehnike i računarstva, Zagreb,
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