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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 888763

A minimally-invasive method for sampling human petrous bones from the cranial base for ancient DNA analysis


Sirak, Kendra A.; Fernandes, Daniel M.; Cheronet, Olivia; Novak, Mario; Gamarra, Beatriz; Balassa, Tímea; Bernert, Zsolt; Cséki, Andrea; Dani, János; Gallina , József Zsolt et al.
A minimally-invasive method for sampling human petrous bones from the cranial base for ancient DNA analysis // BioTechniques, 62 (2017), 6; 283-289 doi:10.2144/000114558 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
A minimally-invasive method for sampling human petrous bones from the cranial base for ancient DNA analysis

Autori
Sirak, Kendra A. ; Fernandes, Daniel M. ; Cheronet, Olivia ; Novak, Mario ; Gamarra, Beatriz ; Balassa, Tímea ; Bernert, Zsolt ; Cséki, Andrea ; Dani, János ; Gallina , József Zsolt ; Kocsis-Buruzs, Gábor ; Ivett, Kovári ; László, Orsolya ; Pap, Ildikó ; Patay, Róbert ; Petkes, Zsolt ; Szenthe, Gergely ; Szeniczey, Tamás ; Hajdu, Tamás ; Pinhasi, Ron

Izvornik
BioTechniques (0736-6205) 62 (2017), 6; 283-289

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Cranial base drilling method ; petrous bone ; ancient DNA ; preservation of skeletal remains

Sažetak
Ancient DNA (aDNA) research involves invasive and destructive sampling procedures that are often incompatible with anthropological, anatomical, and bioarcheological analyses requiring intact skeletal remains. The osseous labyrinth inside the petrous bone has been shown to yield higher amounts of endogenous DNA than any other skeletal element ; however, accessing this labyrinth in cases of a complete or reconstructed skull involves causing major structural damage to the cranial vault or base. Here, we describe a novel cranial base drilling method (CBDM) for accessing the osseous labyrinth from the cranial base that prevents damaging the surrounding cranial features, making it highly complementary to morphological analyses. We assessed this method by comparing the aDNA results from one petrous bone processed using our novel method to its pair, which was processed using established protocols for sampling disarticulated petrous bones. We show a decrease in endogenous DNA and molecular copy numbers when the drilling method is used ; however, we also show that this method produces more endogenous DNA and higher copy numbers than any postcranial bone. Our results demonstrate that this minimallyinvasive method reduces the loss of genetic data associated with the use of other skeletal elements and enables the combined craniometric and genetic study of individuals with archeological, cultural, and evolutionary value.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arheologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut za antropologiju

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Mario Novak, (266983)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • MEDLINE


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