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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 888676

A study of cannabinoid-1 receptors during the early phase of excitotoxic damage to rat spinal locomotor networks in vitro


Veeraraghavan, Priyadharishini; Dekanić, Ana; Nistri, Andrea
A study of cannabinoid-1 receptors during the early phase of excitotoxic damage to rat spinal locomotor networks in vitro // Neuroscience, 333 (2016), 214-228 doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.07.021 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
A study of cannabinoid-1 receptors during the early phase of excitotoxic damage to rat spinal locomotor networks in vitro

Autori
Veeraraghavan, Priyadharishini ; Dekanić, Ana ; Nistri, Andrea

Izvornik
Neuroscience (0306-4522) 333 (2016); 214-228

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
CB1spinal cord injuryendocannabinoidskainatefictive locomotionneuroprotection

Sažetak
Endocannabinoids acting on cannabinoid-1 receptors (CB1Rs) are proposed to protect brain and spinal neurons from excitotoxic damage. The ability to recover from spinal cord injury (SCI), in which excitotoxicity is a major player, is usually investigated at late times after modulation of CB1Rs whose role in the early phases of SCI remains unclear. Using the rat spinal cord in vitro as a model for studying SCI initial pathophysiology, we investigated if agonists or antagonists of CB1Rs might affect SCI induced by the excitotoxic agent kainate (KA) within 24 h from a transient (1 h) application of this glutamate agonist. The CB1 agonist anandamide (AEA or pharmacological block of its degradation) did not limit excitotoxic depolarization of spinal networks: cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) assay demonstrated that CB1Rs remained functional 24 h later and similarly expressed among dead or survived cells. Locomotor-like network activity recorded from ventral roots could not recover with such treatments and was associated with persistent depression of synaptic transmission. Motoneurons, that are particularly vulnerable to KA, were not protected by AEA. Application of 2-arachidonoylglycerol also did not attenuate the electrophysiological and histological damage. The intensification of damage by the CB1 antagonist AM251 suggested that endocannabinoids were operative after excitotoxic stimulation, yet insufficient to contrast it efficiently. The present data indicate that the early phases of excitotoxic SCI could not be arrested by pharmacologically exploiting the endocannabinoid system, consistent with the notion that AEA and its derivatives are more useful to treat late SCI phases.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Ana Dekanić (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Veeraraghavan, Priyadharishini; Dekanić, Ana; Nistri, Andrea
A study of cannabinoid-1 receptors during the early phase of excitotoxic damage to rat spinal locomotor networks in vitro // Neuroscience, 333 (2016), 214-228 doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.07.021 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Veeraraghavan, P., Dekanić, A. & Nistri, A. (2016) A study of cannabinoid-1 receptors during the early phase of excitotoxic damage to rat spinal locomotor networks in vitro. Neuroscience, 333, 214-228 doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.07.021.
@article{article, year = {2016}, pages = {214-228}, DOI = {10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.07.021}, keywords = {CB1spinal cord injuryendocannabinoidskainatefictive locomotionneuroprotection}, journal = {Neuroscience}, doi = {10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.07.021}, volume = {333}, issn = {0306-4522}, title = {A study of cannabinoid-1 receptors during the early phase of excitotoxic damage to rat spinal locomotor networks in vitro}, keyword = {CB1spinal cord injuryendocannabinoidskainatefictive locomotionneuroprotection} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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