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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 884805

Performance of the MAGIC telescopes under moonlight


(MAGIC Collaboration) Ahnen, Max Ludwig; ...; Babić, Ana; ...; Dominis Prester, Dijana; ...; Godinović, Nikola; ...; Hrupec, Dario; ... et al.
Performance of the MAGIC telescopes under moonlight // Astroparticle physics, 94 (2017), 1; 29-41 doi:10.1016/j.astropartphys.2017.08.001 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Performance of the MAGIC telescopes under moonlight

Autori
Ahnen, Max Ludwig ; ... ; Babić, Ana ; ... ; Dominis Prester, Dijana ; ... ; Godinović, Nikola ; ... ; Hrupec, Dario ; ... ; Kuveždić, Danijela ; ... ; Lelas, Damir ; ... ; Manganaro, Marina ; ... ; Puljak, Ivica ; ... ; Šnidarić, Iva ; ... ; Terzić, Tomislav ; ... ; Zarić, Darko

Kolaboracija
MAGIC Collaboration

Izvornik
Astroparticle physics (0927-6505) 94 (2017), 1; 29-41

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Gamma-ray astronomy ; Cherenkov telescopes ; Crab Nebula

Sažetak
MAGIC, a system of two imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes, achieves its best performance under dark conditions, i.e. in absence of moonlight or twilight. Since operating the telescopes only during dark time would severely limit the duty cycle, observations are also performed when the Moon is present in the sky. Here we develop a dedicated Moon-adapted analysis to characterize the performance of MAGIC under moonlight. We evaluate energy threshold, angular resolution and sensitivity of MAGIC under different background light levels, based on Crab Nebula observations and tuned Monte Carlo simulations. This study includes observations taken under non-standard hardware configurations, such as reducing the camera photomultiplier tubes gain by a factor ∼1.7 (Reduced HV settings) with respect to standard settings (Nominal HV) or using UV-pass filters to strongly reduce the amount of moonlight reaching the cameras of the telescopes. The Crab Nebula spectrum is correctly reconstructed in all the studied illumination levels, that reach up to 30 times brighter than under dark conditions. The main effect of moonlight is an increase in the analysis energy threshold and in the systematic uncertainties on the flux normalization. The sensitivity degradation is constrained to be below 10%, within 15-30% and between 60 and 80% for Nominal HV, Reduced HV and UV-pass filter observations, respectively. No worsening of the angular resolution was found. Thanks to observations during moonlight, the maximal duty cycle of MAGIC can be increased from ∼18%, under dark nights only, to up to ∼40% in total with only moderate performance degradation.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
HRZZ-IP-06-2016-9782

Ustanove
Fakultet elektrotehnike, strojarstva i brodogradnje, Split,
Fakultet elektrotehnike i računarstva, Zagreb,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Sveučilište u Osijeku - Odjel za fiziku,
Sveučilište u Rijeci - Odjel za fiziku

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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