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Telefonnoe pravo (‘telephone justice’)


Ledeneva, Alena; Šimić Banović, Ružica; Curro, Costanza
Telefonnoe pravo (‘telephone justice’), 2018. doi:10.14324/111.9781787351899 (enciklopedijska natuknica).


Naslov
Telefonnoe pravo (‘telephone justice’)
(Telephone Justice)

Autori
Ledeneva, Alena ; Šimić Banović, Ružica ; Curro, Costanza

Izvornik
The Global Encyclopaedia of Informality

Vrsta, podvrsta
Ostale vrste radova, enciklopedijska natuknica

Godina
2018

Ključne riječi
Informal practice, Judiciary, Legal system, Russia

Sažetak
Telefonnoe pravo (‘telephone justice’) may be defined as ‘informal influence or pressure exerted on the judiciary’ (Ledeneva 2008[1]) or, more precisely, the dependence of the Russian legal system on political orders. A widespread phenomenon, telefonnoe pravo implies that justice is overridden by power, a power that acts as ‘law’ or ‘justice’ itself. This practice could therefore be translated as ‘telephone command’ or ‘telephone overrule, ’ though this would lose the irony of the definition, which points to the gap that exists between formal law and actual practice, a gap normally bridged by political intervention (ibid.). Data from two opinion surveys reveal that the Russian public is generally aware of telephone justice – exercised both through directives from above and through informal requests. Those with direct experience of the judicial system are more likely to believe in its existence. Low expectations about state institutions in politics and business lead over time to the proliferation of such practices (Ledeneva 2006[2]). National surveys indicate low levels of trust in the Russian courts, particularly with regard to the system of judicial appointments and disciplinary procedures (Solomon 2002[3] ; Hendley 2007[4] ; Mishina, Krasnov and Morshchakova 2007[5]). This situation persists in spite of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s numerous statements about the importance of the rule of law and the impressive financial backup of judicial reforms, including a 40 percent pay raise for judges and material support of the courts, aimed at allowing judges to render justice fully and independently.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Pravo, Politologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Ustanove
Pravni fakultet, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Ružica Šimić Banović, (289180)

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