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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 878832

Varicella zoster virus glycoprotein C increases chemokine-mediated leukocyte migration

González-Motos, V.; Ritter, B.; Jürgens, C.; Kropp, K.A.; Duran, E.; Larsen, O.; Ouwendijk, W.J.D; Lenac Roviš, Tihana; Jonjić, Stipan; Verjans, G.M.G. et al.
Varicella zoster virus glycoprotein C increases chemokine-mediated leukocyte migration // Plos pathogens, 13 (2017), 5; e1006346-1 doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1006346 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Varicella zoster virus glycoprotein C increases chemokine-mediated leukocyte migration

González-Motos, V. ; Ritter, B. ; Jürgens, C. ; Kropp, K.A. ; Duran, E. ; Larsen, O. ; Ouwendijk, W.J.D ; Lenac Roviš, Tihana ; Jonjić, Stipan ; Verjans, G.M.G. ; Sodeik, B. ; Krey, T. ; Bauerfeind, R. ; Schulz, T.F. ; Kaufer, B.B. ; Kalinke, U. ; Proudfoot, A.E.I. ; Rosenkilde, M.M. ; Viejo-Borbolla, A.

Plos pathogens (1553-7366) 13 (2017), 5; E1006346-1

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Varicella zoster virus glycoprotein C increases chemokine-mediated leukocyte migration.

Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is a highly prevalent human pathogen that establishes latency in neurons of the peripheral nervous system. Primary infection causes varicella whereas reactivation results in zoster, which is often followed by chronic pain in adults. Following infection of epithelial cells in the respiratory tract, VZV spreads within the host by hijacking leukocytes, including T cells, in the tonsils and other regional lymph nodes, and modifying their activity. In spite of its importance in pathogenesis, the mechanism of dissemination remains poorly understood. Here we addressed the influence of VZV on leukocyte migration and found that the purified recombinant soluble ectodomain of VZV glycoprotein C (rSgC) binds chemokines with high affinity. Functional experiments show that VZV rSgC potentiates chemokine activity, enhancing the migration of monocyte and T cell lines and, most importantly, human tonsillar leukocytes at low chemokine concentrations. Binding and potentiation of chemokine activity occurs through the C-terminal part of gC ectodomain, containing predicted immunoglobulin-like domains. The mechanism of action of VZV rSgC requires interaction with the chemokine and signalling through the chemokine receptor. Finally, we show that VZV viral particles enhance chemokine-dependent T cell migration and that gC is partially required for this activity. We propose that VZV gC activity facilitates the recruitment and subsequent infection of leukocytes and thereby enhances VZV systemic dissemination in humans

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti


Projekt / tema
062-0621261-1263 - Molekularni mehanizmi citomegalovirusnog izmicanja imunološkom nadzoru (Stipan Jonjić, )

Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus